1. Lightwood JM, Dinno A, Glantz SA (2008) Effect of the California tobacco control program on personal health care expenditures. PLoS Med 5: e178. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. Chattopahdyay S, Pieper D (2011) Does spending more on tobacco control programs make economic sense? An incremental benefit-cost analysis using panel data. Contemp Econ Policy 30: 430–447.
3. Abadie A, Diamond A, Hainmueller J (2010) Synthetic control methods for comparative case studies: Estimating the effect of California's Tobacco Control Program. J Am Stat Assoc 105: 493–505.
4. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2011) Consumer Price Index – All Urban Consumers (Current Series). U.S. Department of Labor.
5. Lightwood J, Glantz S (2011) Effect of the Arizona tobacco control program on cigarette consumption and healthcare expenditures. Social Science and Medicine 72: 166–172. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 6. Pierce JP, Gilpin EA, Emery SL, White MM, Rosbrook B, et al. (1998) Has the California tobacco control program reduced smoking? JAMA 280: 893–899. [PubMed] 7. Siegel M (2002) The effectiveness of state-level tobacco control interventions: a review of program implementation and behavioral outcomes. Annu Rev Public Health 23: 45–71. [PubMed] 8. Gallet C, List J (2003) Cigarette demand: A meta-analysis of elasticities. Health Econ 12: 821–835. [PubMed]
9. Gallet CA (2004) The efficacy of state-level antismoking laws: demand and supply considerations. Journal of Economics and Finance 28: 404–412.
10. Marlow M (2008) Determinants of state tobacco-control expenditures. Appl Econ 40: 831–839.
11. Hu T, Ren Q, Keeler T, Bartlett J (1995) The demand for cigarettes in California and behavioral risk factors. J Health Econ 4: 7–14. [PubMed]
12. Baltagi B, Moscone F (2010) Health care expenditure and income in the OECD reconsidered: Evidence from panel data. Econ Model 27: 804–811.
13. Warner KE, Hodgson TA, Carroll CE (1999) Medical costs of smoking in the United States: estimates, their validity, and their implications. Tob Control 8: 290–300. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
14. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (2011) Health Expenditures by State of Provider, 1980–2009 (compressed excel file). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
15. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (2011) Health expenditures by state of residence, 1991–2009 (compressed excel file). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
16. Kornfeld R (2011) Health Care Expenditures in the NHEA and GDP. National Economic Accounts Data Users Conference. Washington DC: Bureau of Economic Analysis. 1–17.
17. Enders W (2004) Applied Econometric Time Series. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. 433 p.
18. Maddala GS, Kim I-M (1998) Unit Roots, Cointegration, and Structural Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 505 p.
19. Phillips PCB (2006) Optimal estimation of cointegrated systems with irrelevant instruments. New Haven, CT: Cowles Foundation, Yale University.
20. Phillips PCB, Hansen BE (1990) Statistical inference in instrumental variables regression with I(1) processes. Rev Econ Stud 57: 99–125.
21. Kourogenis K, Panopoulou E, Pittis N (2005) Irrelevant but Highly Persistent Instruments in Stationary Regressions with Endogenous Variables Containing Near-to-Unit Roots. Piraeus, Greece: Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus.
22. Doornik J, Hendry D (2009) Empirical Econometric Modelling, PC Give 13, vol I. Timberlake Consulting, Ltd.: London, UK. 330 p.
23. Crystal Ball (2010) Crystal Ball Release 220.127.116.11.00. Redwood Shores, CA: Oracle Corp.
24. Oxmetrics (2010) Oxmetrics 6.10. London, UK: Timberlake Consultants Ltd.
25. StataCorp LP (2011) Stata version 12. College Station, Texas.
26. Engle RF, Granger C (1987) Co-Integration and error correction: representation, estimation, and testing. Econometrica 55: 251–276.
27. Keeler T, Hu T-W, Barnett P, Manning W (1993) Taxation, regulation, and addiction: a demand function for cigarettes based on time series evidence. J Health Econ 12: 1–18. [PubMed] 28. Max W, Sung H, Lightwood J (2012) The impact of changes in tobacco control funding on healthcare expenditures in California, 2012–2016. Tob Control: in press. [PubMed] 29. Pierce J, Messer K, White M, Cowling D, Thomas D (2011) Prevalence of heavy smoking in California and the United States. JAMA 305: 1106–1112. [PubMed]
30. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (2011) State Health Expenditure Accounts: State of Provider Definitions and Methodology, 1980–2009 (PDF file). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
31. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) (2011) Health Spending by State of Residence, 1991–2009 (PDF file). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
32. Burton A (2011) Does the smoke ever clear? Environ Health Perspect 119: A71–A74.
33. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2012) Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. 899 p.
34. Durkin S, Brennan E, Wakefield W (2012) Mass media campaigns to promote smoking cessation among adults: An integrative review. Tob Control 21: 127–138. [PubMed] 35. Bala M, Strzeszynski L, Cahill K (2008) Mass media interventions for smoking cessation in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1: CD004704. [PubMed] 36. McAlister A, Morrison T, Hu S, Meshak A, Ramirez A, et al. (2004) Media and community campaign effects on adult tobacco use in Texas. J Health Commun 9: 95–109. [PubMed] 37. Tan C, Glantz S (2011) Association between smoke-free legislation and hospitalizations for cardiac, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases: A meta-analysis. Circulation 126: 2177–1283. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 38. Rosengren A, Wilhelmsen L, Wedel H (1992) Coronary heart disease, cancer and mortality in male middle-aged light smokers. J Intern Med 231: 357–362. [PubMed] 39. Luoto R, Uutela A, Puska P (2000) Occasional smoking increases total and cardiovascular mortality among men. Tob Res 2: 133–139. [PubMed] 40. Korhonen T, Broms U, Levalahti E (2009) Characteristics and health consequences of intermittent smoking: Long-term follow-up among Finnish adult twins. Tob Res 11: 148–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 41. Simmons M, Connett J, Nides M, Lindgren P, Kleerup E, et al. . (2005) Smoking reduction and the rate of decline in FEV1: results from the Lung Health Study. Eur Respir J: 1011–1027. [PubMed] 42. Bjartveit K, Tverdal A (2005) Health consequences of smoking 1–4 cigarettes per day. Tob Control 14: 315–320. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 43. Schane R, Ling P, Glantz S (2010) Health effects of light and intermittent smoking: A review. Circulation 121: 1518–1522. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 44. Tverdal A, Bjartveit K (2006) Health consequences of reduced daily cigarette consumption. Tob Control 15: 472–480. [PMC free article] [PubMed]