The National Institutes of Health and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) provided grant support for the Neonatal Research Network’s Generic Database and Follow-up Studies.
Data collected at participating sites of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network (NRN) were transmitted to RTI International, the data coordinating center (DCC) for the network, which stored, managed and analyzed the data for this study. On behalf of the NRN, Dr. Abhik Das (DCC Principal Investigator) and Mr. Scott McDonald (DCC Statistician) had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis.
We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study. The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study:
NRN Steering Committee Chair: Alan H. Jobe, MD PhD, University of Cincinnati; Michael S. Caplan, MD, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine.
Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904) – William Oh, MD; Betty R. Vohr, MD; Bonnie Stephens, MD; Robert Burke, MD; Barbara Alksninis, PNP; Melinda Caskey, MD; Katharine Johnson, MD; Angelita M. Hensman, RN BSN; Suzy Ventura; Victoria E. Watson, MS CAS; Theresa M. Leach, MEd CAES.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Children’s Hospital Boston, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Harvard Medical School (U10 HD34167, M01 RR2635, M01 RR2172) – Ann R. Stark, MD; Kerri Fournier, RN; Stacy Dow, RN; Kimberly Gronsman Lee, MD; Colleen Driscoll.
Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital (U10 HD21364, M01 RR80) – Deanne Wilson-Costello, MD; Bonnie S. Siner, RN.
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, University Hospital, and Good Samaritan Hospital (U10 HD27853, M01 RR8084) – Edward F. Donovan, MD; Kate Bridges, MD; Barbara Alexander, RN; Jean Steichen, MD; Kimberly A. Yolton, PhD; Cathy Grisby, BSN CCRC; Holly L. Mincey, RN BSN; Jody Hessling, RN; Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN CCRC; Teresa L. Gratton, PA.
Duke University School of Medicine, University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (U10 HD40492, M01 RR30) – C. Michael Cotten, MD MHS; Ricki Goldstein, MD; Kathy J. Auten, MSHS; Kimberley A. Fisher, PhD FNP-BC IBCLC; Katherine A. Foy, RN; Sandra Grimes, RN BSN; Melody Lohmeyer, RN.
Emory University, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory University Hospital Midtown (U10 HD27851, M01 RR39, UL1 RR25008) – David P. Carlton, MD; Lucky Jain, MD; Ira Adams-Chapman, MD.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development – Linda L. Wright, MD; Stephanie Wilson Archer, MA; Elizabeth M. McClure, MEd.
Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center (U10 HD53119, M01 RR54) – Elisabeth C. McGowan, MD; Brenda L. MacKinnon, RNC; Anne Furey, MPH; Ellen Nylen, RN BSN.
Indiana University, University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (U10 HD27856, M01 RR750, UL1 RR25761) – James A. Lemons, MD; Anna M. Dusick, MD; Diana D. Appel, RN BSN; Dianne E. Herron, RN; Lucy C. Miller, RN BSN CCRC; Leslie Dawn Wilson, BSN CCRC; Leslie Richard, RN.
RTI International (U10 HD36790) – W. Kenneth Poole, PhD; Dennis Wallace, PhD; Jeanette O’Donnell Auman, BS; Margaret Cunningham, BS CCRP; Betty K. Hastings; Carolyn M. Petrie Huitema, MS CCRP; Elizabeth M. McClure, MEd, Jamie E. Newman, PhD MPH; James W. Pickett II, BS; Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, RN BSN CCRP.
Stanford University, California Pacific Medical Center, Dominican Hospital, El Camino Hospital, and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital (U10 HD27880, M01 RR70, UL1 RR25744) – David K. Stevenson, MD; Susan R. Hintz, MD MS Epi; Marian M. Adams, MD; Alexis S. Davis, MD MS Epi; Barry E. Fleisher, MD; Jean G. Kohn, MD MPH; Robert D. Stebbins, MD; Hali Weiss, MD; Joan M. Baran, PhD; Barbara Bentley, PhD; Lori Bond, PhD; Ginger K. Brudos, PhD; Elizabeth Bruno, PhD; Maria Elena DeAnda, PhD; Julie Lee-Ancajas, PhD; Renee P. Pyle, PhD; Nicholas St. John, PhD; M. Bethany Ball, BS CCRC; Anne M. DeBattista, RN PRP; Melinda S. Proud, RCP.
University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children’s Hospital of Alabama (U10 HD34216, M01 RR32) – Namasivayam Ambalavanan, MD; Monica V. Collins, RN BSN MaEd; Shirley S. Cosby, RN BSN; Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, MD; Vivien Phillips, RN BSN; Fred J. Biasini, PhD; Reed Dimmitt, MD; David Randolph, MD PhD.
University of California – San Diego Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women and Newborns (U10 HD40461) – Neil N. Finer, MD; Maynard R. Rasmussen MD; Paul R. Wozniak, MD; Yvonne E. Vaucher, MD MPH; Kathy Arnell, RNC; Renee Bridge, RN; Clarence Demetrio, RN; Martha G. Fuller, RN MSN; Chris Henderson, RCP CRTT; Wade Rich, BSHS RRT.
University of Iowa Children’s Hospital (U10 HD53109, M01 RR59, UL1 RR24979) – John A. Widness, MD; Michael J. Acarregui, MD; Karen J. Johnson, RN BSN; Diane L. Eastman, RN CPNP MA.
University of Miami, Holtz Children’s Hospital (U10 HD21397) – Shahnaz Duara, MD; Charles R. Bauer, MD; Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN MSN; Amy Mur Worth, RN MS; Kasey Hamlin-Smith, PhD; Michelle Berkovits, PhD; Silvia M. Frade Eguras, BA; Mary Allison, RN.
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (U10 HD53089, M01 RR997) – Lu-Ann Papile, MD; Janell Fuller, MD; Jean Lowe, PhD; Conra Backstrom Lacy, RN; Rebecca Montman, BSN.
University of Rochester Medical Center, Golisano Children’s Hospital (U10 HD40521, M01 RR44, UL1 RR24160) – Dale L. Phelps, MD; Gary Myers, MD; Diane Hust, RN PNP; Linda J. Reubens, RN CCRC; Erica Burnell, RN; Rosemary L. Jensen; Mary Rowan, RN; Kelley Yost, PhD; Lauren Zwetsch, RN MS PNP; Julie Babish Johnson, MSW; Emily Kushner, MA; Cassandra A. Horihan, MS; Joan Merzbach, LMSW.
University of Tennessee Health Science Center (U10 HD21415) – Sheldon B. Korones, MD; Henrietta S. Bada, MD; Marilyn G. Williams, LCSW; Kimberly Yolton, PhD.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Parkland Health & Hospital System, and Children’s Medical Center Dallas (U10 HD40689, M01 RR633) – Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD; Walid A. Salhab, MD; Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH; Roy J. Heyne, MD; Luc P. Brion, MD; Alicia Guzman; Jackie F. Hickman, RN; Nancy A. Miller, RN; Diana M. Vasil, RNC-NIC; Lizette E. Torres, RN; Janet S. Morgan, RN. Cathy Twell Boatman, MS CIMI.
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital/Harris County Hospital District (U10 HD21373) –Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH; Esther G. Akpa, RN BSN; Magda Cedillo; Patricia Ann Orekoya, RN BSN; Susan E. Dieterich, PhD; Patricia W. Evans, MD; Claudia I. Franco, RNC MSN; Charles E. Green, PhD; Beverly Foley Harris, RN BSN; Margarita Jiminez, MD MPH; Terri L. Major-Kincade, MD MPH; Anna E. Lis, RN BSN; Sarah C. Martin, RN BSN; Georgia E. McDavid, RN; Brenda H. Morris, MD; M. Layne Poundstone, RN BSN; Stacey Reddoch, BA; Saba Khan Siddiki, MD; Maegan C. Simmons, RN; Patti L. Pierce Tate, RCP; Laura L. Whitely, MD; Sharon L. Wright, MT (ASCP).
University of Utah University Hospital, LDS Hospital, and Primary Children’s Medical Center (U10 HD53124, M01 RR64, UL1 RR25764) – Bradley A. Yoder, MD; Karen A. Osborne, RN BSN CCRC; Jennifer J. Jensen, RN BSN; Cynthia Spencer, RNC; Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, RN BSN; Jill Burnett, RNC; Shawna Baker, RN.
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Brenner Children’s Hospital, and Forsyth Medical Center (U10 HD40498, M01 RR7122) – T. Michael O’Shea, MD MPH; Robert Dillard, MD; Nancy J. Peters, RN CCRP; Barbara Jackson, RN BSN.
Wayne State University, Hutzel Women’s Hospital, and Children’s Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385) – Athina Pappas, MD; Yvette R. Johnson, MD MPH; Virginia Delaney-Black, MD MPH; Rebecca Bara, RN BSN; Geraldine Muran, RN BSN; Deborah Kennedy, RN BSN; Laura A. Goldston, MA.
Yale University, Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital, and Bridgeport Hospital (U10 HD27871, M01 RR125, M01 RR6022, UL1 RR24139) – Harris Jacobs, MD; Linda C. Mayes, MD; Patricia Cervone, RN; Patricia Gettner, RN; Monica Konstantino, RN BSN; JoAnn Poulsen, RN; Elaine Romano, MSN; Janet Taft, RN BSN; Joanne Williams, RN BSN; Nancy L. Close, PhD; Walter S. Gilliam, PhD; Christine G. Butler, MD; Sheila Greisman, RN.