The control and study TMA and SMA groups were compared and it was found that there were no statistically significant differences between the pre-test point averages of the groups in terms of personal characteristics of patients.
The average ages of the participants in the three groups were found to be as follows: the average age of the patients in the control group was 42.96±11.45, and 42.74±11.89 among the patients in the TMA group, 41.70±12.15 among the patients in the SMA group. As for marital status, it was found that 83.3% of the patients in the control group, 75.5% of the patients in the TMA group, and 75.5% of the SMA group were married. In terms of educational background, it was found that 42.6% of the control group, 37.0% of the TMA group, and 35.2% of the SMA group were primary school graduates. As concerned employment, it was found that 79.5% of the control group, 70.4% of the TMA group, and 79.4% of the SMA group were housewives and that all the patients in the three groups had health insurance. In terms of the duration of the illness, it was found that 37.0% of the control group, 31.5% of the TMA group, and 29.5% of the SMA group had been afflicted with the illness for a period of 11–24 months ().
The distribution of the patients in terms of their personal characteristics
The pre-test results of the Control, TMA and DMA groups show that there was no significant difference among the patients in the three groups in terms of morning stiffness (X2=0.93), exhaustion (X2=3.20), restless sleep (X2=1.46), sleeplessness (X2=0.89), headache (X2=0.95), tiredness after low-effort jobs (X2=0.93), being easily distracted during any activity (X2=3.09), exaggerated reactions to things (X2=5.91), feeling like crying (X2=2.12), and bowel complaints (X2=0.34) (). This shows that the patients in all groups were homogeneous.
The between-groups comparison of the fibromyalgia symptom form pre-tests in the control, tma and sma groups
A look into the between-groups comparison of the Fibromyalgia Symptom Form post-tests in the Control, TMA and SMA Groups shows that there was a significant difference in terms of the variables of morning tiredness (X2=35.49, P<0.05), exhaustion (X2=10.12, P<0.05), restless sleep (X2=6.37, P<0.05), tiredness after low-effort jobs (X2=8.56, P<0.05), feeling like crying (X2=8.99, P<0.05), and bowel complaints (X2=24.31, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in terms of the variables of morning stiffness (X2=3.85), sleeplessness (X2=3.39), pain (X2=2.42), headache (X2=0.34), being easily distracted during activity (X2=315), and exaggerated reactions to things (X2=7.85) ().
The between-groups comparison of the fibromyalgia symptom form post-tests in the control, tma and sma groups
After the intervention, according to the One-way Anova Test, a statistically significant difference was observed between the control group and the study groups for BDI [TMA (Before: 22.01±5.3, After: 14.52±3.7); SMA (Before: 24.81±5.1, After: 20.16±4.9); Control (Before: 23.73±4.4, After: 21.05±2.6)] ().
Intergroup comparison of the beck depression index
When the preferences for music types (maqam) in the study groups are examined, it can be seen that in the TMA group, 44.4% preferred the Uşak maqam, 27.8% the Rast, 16.7% the Hüseyni and 11.1% the Saba maqam. On the other hand, in the SMA group, 29.7% preferred the Uşşak maqam, 27.7% the Rast, 20.4% the Hüseyni and 22.2% the Saba. As for the aroma preferences in the study groups, in the TMA group, 46.3% preferred lavender, 27.8% orange, 24.1% rose, 1.9% Asiatic dayflower, while no patients in this group preferred mint and rosemary. In the SMA group, 37.0% preferred lavender, 27.8% rose, 11.6% orange, 9.3% Asiatic dayflower, 7.5% mint, and 7.3% rosemary.