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Logo of bmcphBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Public Health
BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 905.
Published online 2012 October 25. doi:  10.1186/1471-2458-12-905
PMCID: PMC3490716

Reintegration of child soldiers in Burundi: a tracer study



Substantial attention and resources are aimed at the reintegration of child soldiers, yet rigorous evaluations are rare.


This tracer study was conducted among former child soldiers (N=452) and never-recruited peers (N=191) who participated in an economic support program in Burundi. Socio-economic outcome indicators were measured retrospectively for the period before receiving support (T1; 2005–06); immediately afterwards (T2; 2006–07); and at present (T3; 2010). Participants also rated present functional impairment and mental health indicators.


Participants reported improvement on all indicators, especially economic opportunity and social integration. At present no difference existed between both groups on any of the outcome indicators. Socio-economic functioning was negatively related with depression- and, health complaints and positively with intervention satisfaction.


The present study demonstrates promising reintegration trajectories of former child soldiers after participating in a support program.

Keywords: Child soldiers, Reintegration, Mental health, Conflict, Burundi

Articles from BMC Public Health are provided here courtesy of BioMed Central