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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. Nov 2012; 56(11): 5626–5632.
PMCID: PMC3486533
Randomized Controlled Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of Daptomycin versus Standard-of-Care Therapy for Management of Patients with Osteomyelitis Associated with Prosthetic Devices Undergoing Two-Stage Revision Arthroplasty
Ivor Byren,a Shruta Rege,corresponding authorb Ed Campanaro,corresponding authorb Sara Yankelev,b Diane Anastasiou,b Gennady Kuropatkin,c and Richard Evansd*
aNuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom
bCubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lexington, Massachusetts, USA
cSamara Regional Clinical Hospital, Samara, Russia
dUAMS College of Medicine, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Address correspondence to Shruta Rege, shruta.rege/at/, or Ed Campanaro, ed.campanaro/at/
*Present address: Richard Evans, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
Received January 6, 2012; Revisions requested May 4, 2012; Accepted August 12, 2012.
The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus causing prosthetic joint infection (PJI) supports investigation of higher doses of daptomycin in the management of PJI. This was a prospective, randomized controlled trial studying safety and efficacy of daptomycin (6 and 8 mg/kg of body weight) compared with standard-of-care therapy for PJI. This open-label study randomized 75 patients undergoing 2-stage revision arthroplasty to daptomycin at 6 or 8 mg/kg or a comparator (vancomycin, teicoplanin, or semisynthetic penicillin). After prosthesis removal, patients received 6 weeks of antibiotic treatment and a 2- to 6-week antibiotic-free period before implantation of a new prosthesis. Test of cure (TOC) was within 1 to 2 weeks after reimplantation. The primary objective was evaluation of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels. Secondary objectives were clinical efficacy and microbiological assessments. Of 73 CPK safety population patients, CPK elevation of >500 U/liter occurred in 4 of 25 (16.0%) (daptomycin, 6 mg/kg) and 5 of 23 (21.7%) (daptomycin, 8 mg/kg) daptomycin-treated patients and 2 of 25 (8.0%) comparator patients. Adverse-event rates were similar among daptomycin and comparator groups. Among modified intent-to-treat patients at TOC, clinical success rates were 14 of 24 (58.3%) for 6 mg/kg daptomycin, 14 of 23 (60.9%) for 8 mg/kg daptomycin, and 8 of 21 (38.1%) for the comparator. Overall microbiological success at TOC was 12 of 24 (50.0%) for 6 mg/kg daptomycin, 12 of 23 (52.2%) for 8 mg/kg daptomycin, and 8 of 21 (38.1%) for comparator patients. In conclusion, daptomycin at 6 and 8 mg/kg given for up to 6 weeks was safe and appeared to be effective in managing staphylococcal PJI using a 2-stage revision arthroplasty technique in a total of 49 patients.
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