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Logo of bmcpsycBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Psychiatry
 
From:
Published online 2012 August 31. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-12-129

Table 1

Summary of the variables included in the analysis, and differences between individuals reporting chronic whiplash and individuals not reporting chronic whiplash

CovariatesChronic whiplash N = 403No chronic whiplash N = 13,583P-value (Chi-square test)All N = 13,986
Female
58.3%
53.9%
0.079
54.0%
Anxiety
24.1%
17.6%
0.001
17.8%
Depression
14.6%
9.6%
0.001
9.8%
Sleep quality
 
 
<0.001
 
  Good
37.0%
42.6%
 
42.4%
  Bad
17.9%
11.1%
 
11.4%
  Not asked
45.2%
46.3%
 
46.3%
Education
 
 
0.119
 
  Compulsory only
13.7%
17.5%
 
17.4%
  High School
46.9%
45.7%
 
45.7%
  University
39.5%
36.8%
 
36.9%
Benefit recipiency
28.3%
13.0%
<0.001
13.4%
  Sickness benefit
10.9%
4.6%
 
4.7%
  Occupational habilitation
3.5%
1.1%
 
1.1%
  Disability pension
11.9%
3.3%
 
3.6%
  Social benefit
1.5%
0.5%
 
0.6%
  Unemployment benefit
2.5%
1.6%
 
1.7%
  Dependents’ pension
0.5%
0.7%
 
0.7%
  Other
2.7%
2.6%
 
2.6%
Physical activity
 
 
0.369
 
  None
17.4%
15.5%
 
15.6%
  Easy
38.7%
41.9%
 
41.8%
  Heavy
43.9%
42.5%
 
42.6%
Alcohol consumption
 
 
0.838
 
  No consumption
27.1%
28.3%
 
28.3%
  Moderate consumption
67.5%
66.1%
 
66.1%
  Heavy consumption
5.5%
5.6%
 
5.6%
Daily smoking
37.5%
35.5%
0.416
35.6%
Somatic diagnoses >0
11.9%
8.1%
0.006
8.2%
Marital status
 
 
0.090
 
  Not married
11.2%
12.7%
 
12.6%
  Married
71.5%
74.6%
 
74.5%
  Separated
3.0%
2.4%
 
2.4%
  Divorced
13.7%
9.7%
 
9.8%
  Widow/Widower
0.7%
0.7%
 
0.7%
Mean somatisation >243.2%21.4%<0.00122.1%