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Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
 
From:
Lipids. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 October 1.
Published in final edited form as:
Lipids. 2010 September; 45(9): 765–775.
Published online 2010 August 24. doi: 10.1007/s11745-010-3463-7

Table 1

Nutrient and food profile of the experimental diets (compared to pre-study diet)

Nutrient/food groupPre-study dietHealthy American (high GI) dietLegume (low GI) dietP valuea
Glycemic index60 ± 669 ± 3b38 ± 2b,c<0.001
Glycemic load165 ± 77152 ± 884 ± 4b,c<0.001
Total Fat (% kcal)35 ± 734 ± 134 ± 10.85
SFA (% kcal)12 ± 311 ± 112 ± 10.71
MUFA (% kcal)13 ± 313 ± 113 ± 20.87
PUFA (% kcal)7 ± 28 ± 17 ± 20.41
Protein (% kcal)16 ± 318 ± 118 ± 10.05
Carbohydrate (% kcal)48 ± 850 ± 251 ± 10.60
Added sugar (g/1,000 kcal)31 ± 1525 ± 1520 ± 70.14
Total fiber (g/1,000 kcal)d9 ± 39 ± 121 ± 1b,c<0.001
Soluble fiber (g/1,000 kcal)d2 ± 12 ± 14 ± 1b,c<0.001
Insoluble fiber (g/1,000 kcal)d7 ± 27 ± 117 ± 1b,c<0.001
Cholesterol (mg/1,000 kcal)d125 ± 5298 ± 970 ± 11b0.001
Fruit (serving/1,000 kcal)d0.7 ± 0.60.9 ± 0.41.3 ± 0.3b0.02
Vegetable (serving/1,000 kcal)1.4 ± 0.71.8 ± 0.52.2 ± 0.6b0.01
Legume (serving/1,000 kcal)d,e0.1 ± 0.20.0 ± 0.01.5 ± 0.0b,c<0.001

Values are reported as means ± SD. The mean for 3-day diet recalls were used to assess participants’ pre-study diets, the means of 7-day menus (on 2,000 kcal level) reflect the two test diets (HA and LG)

aP values reflect the overall difference across the three diets using one-way ANOVA with Tukey tests to adjust for the multiple comparisons
bDifferent from pre-study diet, P <0.1
cDifferent from Healthy American diet, P <0.1
dData were log-transformed for analysis
eLegumes were excluded in the vegetables