PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of bmcphBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Public Health
 
BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 603.
Published online Aug 3, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1471-2458-12-603
PMCID: PMC3461465
Exposures to war-related traumatic events and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among displaced Darfuri female university students: an exploratory study
Alia Badri,corresponding author1,2 Rik Crutzen,1 and H W Van den Borne1
1Department of Health promotion, CAPHRI, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
2School of Psychology and Pre-School Education, Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman, Sudan
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Alia Badri: aliabadri/at/hotmail.com; Rik Crutzen: rik.crutzen/at/maastrichtuniversity.nl; H W Van den Borne: b.vdborne/at/maastrichtuniversity.nl
Received March 5, 2012; Accepted July 13, 2012.
Abstract
Background
With the deaths of hundreds of thousands and the displacement of up to three million Darfuris, the increasingly complex and on-going war in Darfur has warranted the need to investigate war-related severity and current mental health levels amongst its civilian population. The purpose of this study is to explore the association between war-related exposures and assess post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms amongst a sample of Darfuri female university students at Ahfad University for Women (AUW) in Omdurman city.
Methods
An exploratory cross-sectional study among a representative sample of Darfuri female university students at AUW (N = 123) was conducted in February 2010. Using an adapted version of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), war-related exposures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed. Means and standard deviations illustrated the experiential severity of war exposure dimensions and PTSD symptom sub-scales, while Pearson correlations tested for the strength of association between dimensions of war exposures and PTSD symptom sub-scales.
Results
Approximately 42 % of the Darfuri participants reported being displaced and 54 % have experienced war-related traumatic exposures either as victims or as witnesses (M = 28, SD = 14.24, range 0 – 40 events). Also, there was a strong association between the experiential dimension of war-related trauma exposures and the full symptom of PTSD. Moreover, the refugee-specific self-perception of functioning sub-scale within the PTSD measurement scored a mean of 3.2 (SD = .56), well above the 2.0 cut-off.
Conclusions
This study provides evidence for a relationship between traumatic war-related exposures and symptom rates of PTSD among AUW Darfuri female students. Findings are discussed in terms of AUW counseling service improvement.
Articles from BMC Public Health are provided here courtesy of
BioMed Central