For the Shodhana procedure, each batch of Jala Shukti and Mukta Shukti, 500 g were taken and average four l of Nimbu Swarasa was required for each batch to complete Swedana process. The ratio of materials and liquid media required was 1:8.
Average 4 L Nimbu Swarasa was obtained from 8 kg of Nimbu. During Shodhana procedure, it was observed that the color of media i.e. Nimbu Swarasa changed from yellow to turbid yellow and more viscous which may be due to the reaction between the media and the substance. The temperature of the media was maintained between 105°C and 110°C throughout the procedure. A whitish powder-like substance was deposited at the bottom of the Dola Yantra suggesting the escape of impurities through the pores of the Pottali. After Shodhana, it was noticed that Jala Shukti pieces became whiter with shining and became smooth while Mukta Shukti pieces became bright white with rainbow-like shining and smoothness.
The average weight loss observed was 12.08 g i.e. 2.42% and 14.62 g i.e. 2.92% in Jala Shukti and Mukta Shukti Shodhana respectively [Tables ,]. It may be due to removal of impurities that dissolved and escaped through the pores of Pottali during Shodhana procedure. Some particles may be lost during washing with hot water after Shodhana.
For the first Puta, a fixed amount of cow dung cakes (100 in number) was taken for average 487.92 g of Jala Shukti and 485.38 g of Mukta Shukti. Average weight of 100 Upalas was found to be 12.62 kg. After the first Puta, Jala Shukti and Mukta Shukti pieces became pale white in color, brittle and soft. Shining was disappeared but fragility attributed after 1st
Puta. The average weight loss observed was 26.26 g i.e. 5.25% after the first Puta in the preparation of Jala Shukti Bhasma and 27.44 g i.e. 5.49% in the preparation of Mukta Shukti Bhasma. After that Jala Shukti and Mukta Shukti pieces were powdered well and taken for further procedure i.e. Bhavana.
Jala Shukti powder and Mukta Shukti powder were levigated with Kumari Swarasa in porcelain mortar with the help of pestle until it formed a thick paste and was suitable for making Chakrikas (pellets). Total 250 ml of Kumari Swarasa was used for levigation and was done continuously for 3 h. Extra Kumari Swarasa was added from time to time for maintaining proper levigation. Levigation was done properly with uniform and sufficient pressure to make the materials fine. The pellets were made uniform in shape and size for proper heat exposure. After drying, the average weight of one Chakrika was observed 8 to 10 g, the average diameter was 2.0 to 2.5 cm and thickness was 0.5 to 0.7 cm.
For the second Puta, fixed amount of cow
dung cakes (100 in number) were taken for average 473.74 g of Jala Shukti and 472.56 g of Mukta Shukti. Average weight of 100 Upalas was found to be 12.89 kg. After the second Puta, Chakrikas of Jala Shukti Bhasma were found to be soft, fragile, smooth and white in color while Chakrikas of Mukta Shukti Bhasma were found to be more smooth and bright white in color. After powdering of the Jala Shukti Bhasma became white whereas Mukta Shukti Bhasma became bright white . Both Bhasma became fine, soft and smooth and they had passed classical parameters like Rekhapurnatwa, Varitaratwa, Gatarasatwa, Sukshmatwa, Mridutwa . Regarding Sudha Varga, no specific parameters are described in the classics of Rasa Shastra for Bhasma Pariksha except the color of Bhasma. Rasa Tarangini has mentioned the color of Shukti Bhasma as ‘Himakundendu Samkasham’ i.e. white which was observed in both Bhasma after the second Puta.
Classical physical parameters of both Bhasma
Classical chemical parameters of both Bhasma
The average weight loss was found to be 38.94 g i.e. 7.79% in Jala Shukti Bhasma after the second Puta while in the Mukta Shukti Bhasma it was observed to be 35.24 g i.e. 7.05%. This loss may be due to vaporization of water and burning of some organic or inorganic materials. The peculiar odor observed during levigation with Kumari Swarasa disappeared after the second Puta in both Bhasma.
Varitaratwa was attempted to evaluate in both the samples of Shukti Bhasma by following the classical method as explained in Rasa Ratna Samuchaya. In general, this test is not mentioned in classical literature, though the authors tried to evaluate it. The Varitaratwa test was observed to be positive in Mukta Shukti Bhasma, while it was mild in Jala Shukti Bhasma, it may be due to some difference regarding its inorganic chemical elements. Rekhapurnatwa was observed in both Bhasma after the second Puta indicating fineness of Bhasma.
At the end of the pharmaceutical procedure, it was found that Mukta Shukti Bhasma is 2.8 times costlier than Jala Shukti Bhasma.