PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jurbhealthspringer.comThis journalToc AlertsSubmit OnlineOpen ChoiceThis journal
 
J Urban Health. Jun 2004; 81(2): 291–300.
PMCID: PMC3456449
Opening doors and building capacity: Employing a community-based approach to surveying
Sue A. Kaplan,corresponding author1 Keri-Nicole Dillman,1 Neil S. Calman,3 and John Billings1
1The Center for Health and Public Service Research, The Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York University, New York, New York
3Institute for Urban Family Health, Clinical Professor of Family Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, New York, New York
2295 Lafayette Street, Fifth floor, 10012 New York, NY
Sue A. Kaplan, sue.kaplan/at/nyu.edu.
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Abstract
Although many community-based initiatives employ community residents to undertake door-to-door surveys as a form of community mobilization or for purposes of needs assessment or evaluation, very little has been published on the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. This article discusses our experience in undertaking such a survey in collaboration with a coalition of community-based organizations (CBOs) in the South Bronx, New York. Although resource constraints limited the already-strained capacity of the CBOs to provide supervision, the CBOs and community surveyors helped us gain access to neighborhood buildings and to individuals who might otherwise have been inaccessible. The survey process also contributed to the coalition’s community outreach efforts and helped to link the CBO leadership and staff more closely to the coalition and its mission. Many of the surveyors enhanced their knowledge and skills in ways that have since benefited them or the coalition directly. The participating CBOs continue to be deeply engaged in the coalitions’ work, and many of the surveyors are active as community health advocates and have taken leadership roles within the coalition.
Full Text
The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (93K).
Selected References
These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
1. Black SA. Diabetes, diversity, and disparity: what do we do with the evidence? Am J Public Health. 2002;92:543–548. [PubMed]
2. New York University Center for Health and Public Service Research analysis of New York State Department of Health Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database. 1998. Available at: http://www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/sparcs/ sparcs.htm.
3. Summary of Vital Statistics 1999. The City of New York: Bureau of Vital Statistics, New York City Department of Health; 2000.
4. Gwiasda V, Taluc N, Popkin SJ. Data collection in dangerous neighborhoods: lessons from a survey of public housing residents in Chicago. Eval Rev. 1997;21:77–93.
5. Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center, The University of Michigan. Diabetes care profile. 1998. Available at: http://www.med.umich.edu/mdrtc/textonly/educmats/ dcp.doc.Accessed August 22, 2001.
6. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. A survey about your diabetes care. October 2001. Available at: http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/DiabetesCare/DiabetesCare.htm. Accessed August 22, 2001.
7. Schulz AJ, Parker EA, Israel BA, Becker AB, Maciak BJ, Hollis R. Conducting a participatory community-based survey. J Public Health Manag Pract. 1998;4:10–24. [PubMed]
8. Cunningham PJ, Kemper P. Ability to obtain medical care for the uninsured: how much does it vary across communities? JAMA. 1998;280:921–927. doi: 10.1001/jama.280.10.921. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
9. Israel BA, Schulz AJ, Parker EA, Becker AB. Review of community-based research: assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annu Rev Public Health. 1998;19:173–202. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
10. Israel BA, Schulz AJ, Parker EA, Becker AB. Review of community-based research: assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annu Rev Public Health. 1998;19:173–202. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
11. Sullivan M, Kelly JG, editors. Collaborative Research: Community-University Partnership. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association; 2001.
12. Nyden P, Figert A, Shibley M, Burrows D. Building Community: Social Science in Action. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press; 1997.
13. Minkler M, Thompson M, Bell J, Rose K. Contributions of community involvement to organizational-level empowerment: the federal healthy start experience. Health Educ Behav. 2001;28:783–807. [PubMed]
14. Giachello AL, Arrom JO, Davis M, et al. Reducing diabetes health disparities through community-based participatory action research: the Chicago Southeast Diabetes Community Action Coalition. Public Health Rep. 2003;118:309–324. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
15. Altman DG. Sustaining interventions in community systems: on the relationship between researchers and communities. Health Psychol. 1995;14:526–536. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.14.6.526. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
16. Eng E, Parker EA. Measuring community competence in the Mississippi Delta: the interface between program evaluation and empowerment. Health Educ Q. 1994;21:199–220. [PubMed]
17. Florin P, Wandersman A. An introduction to citizen participation, voluntary organizations, and community development: insights for empowerment through research. A, J Community Psychol. 1990;18:41–55. doi: 10.1007/BF00922688. [Cross Ref]
18. Bailey D. Using participatory research in community consortia development and evaluation: lessons from the beginning of a story. Am Sociol. 1992;6:197–205.
19. Ornelas A. Regional community development in northern Morelos. In: Frideres J, editor. A World of Communities: Participatory Research Perspectives. Concord, Ontario, Canada: Captus University Publications; 1992.
20. Ledogar RJ, Garden Acosta L, Penchaszadeh A. Building international public health vision through local community research: the El Puente-CIET partnership. Am J Public Health. 1999;90:1795–1797. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.89.12.1795. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
21. Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF1) 100=Percent Data. Prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau, 2001. Available at: http://factfinder.census.gov.
22. Holahan D, Cordova M, Haslanger K, Birnbaum M. Health Insurance Coverage in New York 2000. New York: United Hospital Fund; 2002.
23. Israel BA, Schulz AJ, Parker EA, Becker AB. Review of community-based research: assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annu Rev Public Health. 1998;19:173–202. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
24. O’Toole TP, Aaron KF, Chin MH, Horowitz C, Tyson F. Community-based participatory research: opportunities, challenges, and the need for a common language. J Gen Intern Med. 2002;18:592–594. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.2003.30416.x. [PMC free article] [Cross Ref]
25. Green L, Daniel M, Novick L. Partnerships and coalitions for community-based research. Public Health Rep. 2001;116:20–31. doi: 10.1093/phr/116.S1.20. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Cross Ref]
26. Minkler M, Blackwell AG, Thompson M, Tamir H. Community-based participatory research: implications for public health funding. Am J Public Health. 2003;93:1210–1213. [PubMed]
Articles from Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine are provided here courtesy of
New York Academy of Medicine