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J Assist Reprod Genet. 2000 November; 17(10): 553–556.
PMCID: PMC3455452

A Comparison of Psychological Functioning in Women at Different Stages of In Vitro Fertilization Treatment Using the Mean Affect Adjective Check List


Purpose: The objectives were to identify the stage/s of IVF treatment where a woman is most vulnerable to psychological stress, and to assess the Mean Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) as a measure of psychological functioning during IVF treatment, which has hitherto not been reported.

Methods: Thirty-seven women undergoing IVF treatment according to the long protocol of controlled ovarian stimulation completed the MAACL questionnaire at the following stages: (a) before treatment (visit 1), (b) before embryo transfer (visit 2), and (c) before pregnancy test (visit 3).

Results: Apart from anxiety scores for visit 2, the hostility, depression, and state anxiety scores for visit 3 were higher than the corresponding scores for visits 1 and 2 (P < 0.001). Anxiety scores for visits 2 and 3 were similar.

Conclusions: Psychological counseling should be targeted at women after embryo transfer and leading up to the pregnancy test. The MAACL is a useful method for measuring psychological stress in women during IVF treatment.

Keywords: in vitro fertilization, Mean Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL), anxiety, psychological stress

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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