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From:
Arch Intern Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC Sep 21, 2012.
Published in final edited form as:
Arch Intern Med. Jan 25, 2010; 170(2): 170–178.
doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.494
Table 1
Baseline characteristics of trial participants (N=155).
Variable *BAT (n=49)1x RT (n=54)2x RT (n=52)Total (N=155)
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age (yr)70.0 (3.3)69.5 (2.7)69.4 (3.0)69.6 (3.0)
Height (cm)161.0 (6.9)160.9 (7.0)162.8 (6.5)161.6 (6.8)
Weight (kg)67.0 (11.5)69.2 (16.2)72.1 (16.8)69.5 (15.2)
Education
 Less than Grade 91.0 (2)1.0 (1.9)1.0 (1.9)3.0 (1.9)
 Grade 9 to 12 without Certificate or Diploma2.0 (4.1)3.0 (5.6)4.0 (7.7)9.0 (5.8)
 High School Certificate or Diploma6.0 (12.2)9.0 (16.7)10.0 (19.2)25.0 (16.1)
 Trades or Professional Certificate or Diploma14.0 (28.6)10.0 (18.5)6.0 (11.5)30.0 (19.4)
 University Certificate or Diploma7.0 (14.3)12.0 (22.2)9.0 (17.3)28.0 (18.1)
 University Degree19.0 (38.8)19.0 (35.2)22.0 (42.3)60.0 (38.7)
MMSE Score (max. 30 pts)28.8 (1.2)28.5 (1.3)28.6 (1.5)28.6 (1.3)
Falls in the Last 12 Months (yes/no)16 (34)13 (24.5)20 (38.5)49 (32.2)
Geriatric Depression Scale (max. 15 pts)0.5 (1.8)0.3 (1.1)0.9 (2.3)0.6 (1.8)
Functional Comorbidity Index (max. 18 pts)2.2 (1.7)1.8 (1.7)2.3 (1.6)2.1 (1.7)
Lawton and Brody (max. 8 pts)8.0 (0)8.0 (0.1)7.9 (0.5)8.0 (0.3)
Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly126.1 (51.0)116.2 (61.4)121.2 (60.4)121.0 (57.7)
Timed Up and Go Test (sec)6.8 (1.4)6.6 (1.4)6.6 (1.4)6.6 (1.4)

Edge Contrast Sensitivity (dB)22.4 (1.6)22.1 (2.0)22.1 (1.4)22.2 (1.7)
*yr = year; kg = kilogram; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination; sec = seconds; dB = decibel units.
Count = number of “yes” cases within each group. % = percent of “yes” within each group.