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Asian J Sports Med. Sep 2012; 3(3): 175–184.
PMCID: PMC3445645
Monitoring Training Load and Fatigue in Rugby Sevens Players
Mohamed Elloumi, PhD,1,2,3* Emna Makni, PhD,2 Wassim Moalla, PhD,2,4 Taieb Bouaziz, MSc, PhD,2 Zouhair Tabka, MD, PhD,2 Gérard Lac, PhD,1 and Karim Chamari, PhD3,5
1Clermont University Blaise Pascal, Laboratory AME2P, France
2Laboratory of Cardio-circulatory, Respiratory, and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty de Medicine Sousse, Tunisia
3ISSEP-High Institute of Sport and Physical Education Ksar Saïd, University of Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia
4UR EM2S, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia
5Laboratory of ‘‘Sport Performance Optimisation’’, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sports, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
*Corresponding Author:Address: Laboratory of Cardio-circulatory, Respiratory, and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty of Medicine Ibn El Jazzar, Sousse, Tunisia. E-mail:elloumimed/at/yahoo.fr
Received March 24, 2012; Accepted May 29, 2012.
Abstract
Purpose
Trainers and physical fitness coaches’ need a useful tool to assess training loads to avoid overtraining. However, perceived scales or questionnaires were required. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether a short 8-item questionnaire of fatigue could be a useful tool for monitoring changes in perceived training load and strain among elite rugby Sevens (7s) players during preparation for a major competition.
Methods
Sixteen elite rugby 7s players completed an 8-week training program composed of 6-week intense training (IT) and 2-week reduced training (RT). They were tested before (T0), after the IT (T1) and after the RT (T2). The quantification of the perceived training load and strain were performed by the session-RPE (rating of perceived exertion) method and concomitantly the 8-item questionnaire of fatigue was administered.
Results
Training load (TL) and strain (TS) and total score of fatigue (TSF from the 8-item questionnaire) increased during IT and decreased during RT. Simultaneously, physical performances decreased during IT and were improved after LT. The changes in TL, TS and TSF correlated significantly over the training period (r=0.63-0.83).
Conclusions
These findings suggest that the short questionnaire of fatigue could be a practical and a sensitive tool for monitoring changes in training load and strain in team-sport athletes. Accordingly, the simultaneous use of the short questionnaire of fatigue along with the session-RPE method for perceived changes in training load and strain during training could provide additional information on the athletes’ status, allowing coaches to prevent eventual states of overreaching or overtraining.
Keywords: Training Load, Performance, Score of Fatigue, Rugby Sevens
Articles from Asian Journal of Sports Medicine are provided here courtesy of
Tehran University of Medical Sciences