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Asian J Sports Med. 2012 September; 3(3): 139–144.
PMCID: PMC3445640

Diurnal Variations in Physical Performances Related to Football in Young Soccer Players

Hamdi Chtourou, PhD,1,2,* Omar Hammouda, PhD,1 Hichem Souissi, PhD,1 Karim Chamari, PhD,1,3 Anis Chaouachi, PhD,1 and Nizar Souissi, PhD1,3

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigated the effects of time-of-day on aerobic and anaerobic performances during the Yo-Yo, repeated sprint ability (RSA) and the Wingate tests in young soccer players.

Methods

In a counterbalanced and a random order, twenty junior male soccer players completed the Yo-Yo, the RSA, and the Wingate tests at two different times-of-day: 07:00 and 17:00 h. During the Yo-Yo test, the total distance (TD) covered and the estimated maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) were determined. The peak power (PP) during each sprint, the percentage of decrement of PP (PD) and total work (Wtotal) during the RSA test were, also, measured. In addition, during the Wingate test, the peak (Ppeak) and mean (Pmean) powers were recorded.

Results

During the Wingate test, Ppeak and Pmean were significantly higher at 17:00 than 07:00 h (P<0.05) with diurnal gains of 3.1±3.6 and 2.9±3.5% respectively. During the RSA test, PP during the first two sprints, Pdec and Wtotal were, also, higher in the evening (P<0.05) with amplitudes of 4.8±4.6, 3.1±3.0, 13.1±32.1, and 4.1±2.5% respectively. Likewise, TD and MAV during the Yo-Yo test were higher at 17:00 than 07:00 h with diurnal gains of 13.1±10.7 and 4.2±3.3 respectively.

Conclusions

The present study confirms the daily variations of both aerobic and anaerobic performances during the Yo-Yo, the RSA, and the Wingate tests in trained young Tunisian soccer players.

Keywords: Circadian Rhythm, Soccer Players, Aerobic Exercises, Anaerobic Exercises

Les articles de Asian Journal of Sports Medicine ont été offerts à titre gracieux par Kowsar Medical Institute.