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BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 332.
Published online May 4, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1471-2458-12-332
PMCID: PMC3441442
Experimenting with cigarettes and physical activity among Mexican origin youth: a cross sectional analysis of the interdependent associations among sensation seeking, acculturation, and gender
Anna V Wilkinson,corresponding author1 Nnenna L Okeke,1 Andrew E Springer,1 Melissa H Stigler,1 Kelley P Gabriel,1 Melissa L Bondy,2 Alexander V Prokhorov,3 and Margaret R Spitz2
1University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin Regional Campus, 1616 Guadalupe, Suite 6.300, Austin, TX, 78701, USA
2Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX, 77030, USA
3University of Texas M.D. Anderson Center, Division of Cancer Prevention & Population Sciences, 1155 Pressler St. - CPB6.3201, Houston, TX, 77030, USA
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Anna V Wilkinson: anna.v.wilkinson/at/uth.tmc.edu; Nnenna L Okeke: nnenna.l.okeke/at/uth.tmc.edu; Andrew E Springer: andrew.e.springer/at/uth.tmc.edu; Melissa H Stigler: melissa.h.stigler/at/uth.tmc.edu; Kelley P Gabriel: kelley.p.gabriel/at/uth.tmc.edu; Melissa L Bondy: mbondy/at/bcm.edu; Alexander V Prokhorov: aprokhor/at/mdanderson.org; Margaret R Spitz: spitz/at/bcm.edu
Received January 26, 2012; Accepted April 27, 2012.
Abstract
Background
Sensation seeking tendencies tend to manifest during adolescence and are associated with both health-compromising behaviors and health-enhancing behaviors. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between sensation seeking and physical activity, a health-enhancing behavior, and between sensation seeking and experimenting with cigarettes, a health compromising-behavior, among a cohort of Mexican origin adolescents residing in the United States with different levels of acculturation.
Methods
In 2009, 1,154 Mexican origin youth (50.5% girls, mean age 14.3 years (SD = 1.04)) provided data on smoking behavior, physical activity, linguistic acculturation, and sensation seeking. We conducted Pearson’s χ2 tests to examine the associations between categorical demographic characteristics (i.e. gender, age, country of birth and parental educational attainment) and both cigarette experimentation and physical activity and Student’s t-tests to examine mean differences on the continuous variables (i.e. sensation seeking subscale) by the behaviors. We examined mean differences in the demographic characteristics, acculturation, and both behaviors for each of the sensation seeking subscales using analysis of variance (ANOVA). To examine relationships between the sensation seeking subscales, gender, and both behaviors, at different levels of acculturation we completed unconditional logistic regression analyses stratified by level of acculturation.
Results
Overall, 23.3% had experimented with cigarettes and 29.0% reported being physically active for at least 60 minutes/day on at least 5 days/week. Experimenting with cigarettes and being physically active were more prevalent among boys than girls. Among girls, higher levels of sensation seeking tendencies were associated with higher levels of acculturation and experimentation with cigarettes, but not with physical activity. Among boys, higher levels of sensation seeking tendencies were associated with higher levels of acculturation, experimenting with cigarettes and being physically active.
Conclusions
Our results suggest that interventions designed to prevent smoking among Mexican origin youth may need to address social aspects associated with acculturation, paying close attention to gendered manifestations of sensation seeking.
Keywords: Smoking behavior, Physical activity, Acculturation, Sensation seeking, Gender, Mexican origin youth
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