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BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 433.
Published online 2012 June 13. doi:  10.1186/1471-2458-12-433
PMCID: PMC3432613

Correlates of unprotected anal sex among men who have sex with men in Tijuana, Mexico

Abstract

Background

Although men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in Mexico, data on current risk behaviors in this population are lacking. This study investigated the prevalence and correlates of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in a sample of 260 MSM in Tijuana, Mexico.

Methods

In June 2010, men attending a gay pride celebration were invited to complete a sexual risk survey. Men who reported UAI with a male partner in the past year were compared with men who reported only protected anal sex during the same period.

Results

Mean age of participants was 29.7; 54% had a high school diploma or less; and 43% were unemployed. In the past year, 55% had been tested for HIV, 21% reported using illicit drugs before or during sex, and 94% had sex only with men. Overall, 50% reported having UAI with another male in the past year. Factors independently associated with UAI in the past year were unemployment (AOR = 1.87), attending adult movie theaters (AOR = 2.21), using illicit drugs before or during sex (AOR = 2.43), and not having a recent HIV test (AOR = 1.85).

Conclusions

Interventions to promote HIV testing and condom use among men who have sex with men may want to consider venue-specific approaches, as well as focus on drug-use issues in the context of unsafe sex.

Keywords: Men who have sex with men, HIV risk behaviors, Unprotected anal intercourse, Mexico

Articles from BMC Public Health are provided here courtesy of BioMed Central