Once the PI received 100 completed surveys, the survey was officially closed and the online
event was removed. Data was downloaded from the Psychdata server and imported into
SPSS—the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, Version 18.0 (Chicago, IL,
). We ran
descriptive statistics to summarize the demographic profile, behaviors, perceptions, and
reported abuse among the sample. Chi-square tests were run to identify associations between
individual characteristics and reported IPV victimization and perpetration. We dichotomized
the variables race, education and age for the purpose of analyses due to insufficient
numbers for each category.
The PI was successful in obtaining 100 surveys within a 16-day data collection time frame.
The age, race, disclosure status (disclosed v. non-disclosed), and educational attainment
distribution of the sample is presented in . Sixty percent of the study sample believed IPV is a health issue among
gay men in Atlanta, and 66% reported that they know other gay couples, currently or
in the past, that involve IPV.
Demographic profile of study sample.
Respondents were asked to whom they would report being a victim of IPV and were allowed to
select multiple categories. These categories included friends, family, police, professional
counselor and other. Respondents were also given the option of selecting that there was no
one to whom they would report abuse. The top 3 outlets in descending order, to whom
respondents indicated they would report, were friends (n=55), family (n=37)
and police (n=33). Only 12 respondents indicated that they would report abuse to a
professional counselor and 5 selected “other.” Importantly, 27% of
respondents indicated that they would not disclose abuse to anyone.
Respondents were asked about their substance use behavior within the past 30 days, which
included tobacco, alcohol, prescription and illicit drugs. presents a summary of findings related to substance
use behaviors among the respondents.
Substance taking behavior summary of study sample.
The overall prevalence of perpetration among the study sample was 26.3%. Slightly
over 18% of respondents indicated that they had physically harmed their intimate
partner and 19% indicated that they had threatened to hurt their intimate partners
with use of words, gestures, weapons or other means. Five percent of respondents reported
they had forced their intimate partners to have sex.
The overall prevalence of victimization among the study sample was 31%. The most
commonly reported types of physical IPV reported by victims were “beats me when he
drinks” (27.8%), “pushes and shoves me around violently”
(23.7%), “hits and punches my arms and body” (21.9%), and
“slaps me around my face and head” (22.8%). presents the prevalence of victimization for each
physical abuse item.
Prevalence of victimization per physical abuse item.
Severity of Victimization
presents the mean and range
of the severity of IPV victimization scores by age, educational attainment, race, and
disclosure status. The calculations of IPV scores are based on the WALMYR Assessment
Scales where the higher the score (1–100) indicates more severe abuse.29
Mean intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization score by sociodemographic variables
and disclosure status.
Associations of Victimization and Perpetration
We ran chi-square tests to identify associations between victimization and the following
variables: race, education, age, disclosure status and substance use. Victimization was
positively associated with illicit substance use (χ2 (1) = 9.923,
p=0.002) and non-White race (χ2 (1) = 5.196, p=0.023). We
also ran chi-square tests to identify associations between perpetration and race,
education, age, disclosure status and substance use. Results indicated that perpetration
was also positively associated with illicit substance use (χ2 (1) =16.528,
p<0.01) and non-White race (χ2 (1) =4.088, p=0.043). Of
the survey sample, 28.3% of Whites had experienced some form of IPV, as compared
to 51.4% of non-Whites. Of perpetrators, 46.2% were White and
53.8% were non-White. Among victims of IPV, 36.1% reported illicit drug
use while 46.2% of perpetrators reported using illicit drugs. We found no
statistically significant associations with regard to age, education or disclosure