1. Carney DR, Jost JT, Gosling SD, Potter J (2008) The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: Personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology 29: 807–840.
2. Conover PJ, Feldman S (1981) The origins and meaning of liberal/conservative self-identifications. American Journal of Political Science 25: 617–645.
3. Graham J, Haidt J, Nosek BA (2009) Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96: 1029–1046. [PubMed] 4. Jost JT, Glaser J, Kruglanski AW, Sulloway FJ (2003) Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological bulletin 129(3)339–375. [PubMed] 8. Haidt J (2001) The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological Review 108(4)814–834. [PubMed] 9. Lewis GJ, Bates TC (2011) From left to right: How the personality system allows basic traits to influence politics via characteristic moral adaptations. British Journal of Psychology . [PubMed]
10. Rozin P (1999) The process of moralization. Psychological Science 10(3)218–221.
11. Hunter JD (1991) Culture wars: The struggle to define America. New York, NY: Basic Books.
12. Sowell T (2002) A conflict of visions: The ideological origins of political struggles. New York: Basic.
13. Lakoff G (2002) Moral politics: How liberals and conservatives think. University of Chicago Press.
14. Inbar Y, Pizarro DA, Bloom P (2009) Conservatives are more easily disgusted than liberals. Cognition & Emotion 23(4)714–725.
15. McCue CP, Gopoian JD (2001) Dispositional empathy and the political gender gap. Women & Politics 21(2)1–20.
16. Rozin P (2001) Social psychology and science: Some lessons from Solomon Asch. Personality and Social Psychology Review 5: 2–14.
17. Haidt J (2007) The new synthesis in moral psychology. Science 316(5827)998–1002. [PubMed]
18. Locke J (1690) Two treatises of government, ed. Peter Laslett (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), 301: , 3–23.
19. Berlin I (1969) Four essays on liberty. Oxford University Press, USA.
21. Rawls J (1971) A theory of justice. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA.
22. Jost JT, Banaji MR, Nosek BA (2004) A decade of system justification theory: Accumulated evidence of conscious and unconscious bolstering of the status quo. Political Psychology 25(6)881–919.
23. McAdams DP (1996) Personality, Modernity, and the Storied Self: A Comtemporary Framework for Studying Persons. Psychological Inquiry 7(4)295–321.
24. Greene JD, Sommerville RB, Nystrom LE, Darley JM, Cohen JD (2001) An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science 293(5537)2105. [PubMed] 25. Tetlock PE, Kristel OV, Elson SB, Green MC, Lerner JS (2000) The psychology of the unthinkable: Taboo trade-offs, forbidden base rates, and heretical counterfactuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78(5)853–870. [PubMed]
26. Uhlmann EL, Pizarro DA, Tannenbaum D, Ditto PH (2009) The motivated use of moral principles. Judgment and Decision Making 4: 476–491.
27. Inbar Y, Pizarro DA, Knobe J, Bloom P (2009) Disgust sensitivity predicts intuitive disapproval of gays. Emotion 9(3)435–439. [PubMed]
29. Haidt J (2012) The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. New York: Pantheon.
30. Damasio AR (2000) The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. Mariner Books.
31. Graham J, Haidt J (2010) Beyond beliefs: Religions bind individuals into moral communities. Personality and Social Psychology Review 14: 140–150. [PubMed]
32. Rand A (1943) The Fountainhead. New American Library.
33. Haidt J, Kesebir S (2010) Morality. In: Fiske ST, Gilbert DT, Lindzey G, editors. Handbook of Social Psychology, 5th Edition (pp. 797–832). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
34. McAdams DP (1995) What do we know when we know a person? Journal of personality 63: 365–396.
35. McAdams DP, Pals JL (2006) A new Big Five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist 61(3)204–217. [PubMed]
36. Haidt J, Graham J, Joseph C (2009) Above and below left – right: Ideological narratives and moral foundations. Psychological Inquiry 20(2)110–119.
37. Read SJ, Vanman EJ, Miller LC (1997) Connectionism, parallel constraint satisfaction processes, and gestalt principles:(Re) introducing cognitive dynamics to social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review 1(1)26. [PubMed]
38. Mitchell D (2005) The SUV model of citizenship: floating bubbles, buffer zones, and the rise of the. Political Geography 24(1)77–100.
39. Rand A (1964) Playboy Interview: Ayn Rand. By Alvin Toffler. Playboy, March 1964: 35–43.
40. Cohen J (1992) Statistical power analysis. Current Directions in Psychological Science 1(3)98–101.
41. Graham J, Nosek BA, Haidt J, Iyer R, Koleva S, et al. (2011) Mapping the moral domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 101: 366–385. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
42. Schwartz SH (1992) Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 25(1)1–65.
43. Haidt J, Graham J (2007) When morality opposes justice: Conservatives have moral intuitions that liberals may not recognize. Social Justice Research 20(1)98–116.
44. Forsyth DR (1980) A taxonomy of ethical ideologies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39: 175–184.
45. Forsyth DR, Nye JL (1990) Personal moral philosophies and moral choice. Journal of Research in Personality 24: 398–414.
46. Forsyth DR (1985) Individual differences in information integration during moral judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 49(1)264–272.
47. Barriga AQ, Morrison EM, Liau AK, Gibbs JC (2001) Moral cognition: Explaining the gender difference in antisocial behavior. Merrill Palmer Quarterly 47: 532–562.
48. Rand A, Branden N (1964) Virtue of selfishness. NY: Signet Book.
49. Cattell RB (1966) The screen test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research 1(2)245–276.
50. Rand A (1969) The Objectivist. Volume 8.
51. McCrae RR, Costa PT (2003) Personality in adulthood: A five-factor theory perspective. NY: The Guilford Press.
52. Rozin P, Lowery L, Imada S, Haidt J (1999) The CAD triad hypothesis: A mapping between three moral emotions (contempt, anger, disgust) and three moral codes (community, autonomy, divinity). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76: 574–586. [PubMed]
53. Toi M, Batson CD (1982) More evidence that empathy is a source of altruistic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 43(2)281–292.
54. Wheatley T, Haidt J (2005) Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science 16(10)780. [PubMed]
55. John OP, Srivastava S (1999) The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research 2nd edition. New York: Guilford.
56. Davis MH (1983) Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44: 113–126.
57. Haidt J, McCauley C, Rozin P (1994) Individual differences in sensitivity to disgust: A scale sampling seven domains of disgust elicitors. Personality and Individual Differences 16(5)701–713.
58. Olatunji BO, Williams NL, Tolin DF, Sawchuk CN, Elwood LS, et al. (2007) The Disgust Scale: Item analysis, factor structure, and suggestions for refinement. Psychological Assessment 19(3)281–297. [PubMed] 59. Haidt J, Koller SH, Dias MG (1993) Affect, culture, and morality, or is it wrong to eat your dog?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65(4)613–628. [PubMed]
60. Hong SM, Faedda S (1996) Refinement of the Hong psychological reactance scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement 56: 173–182.
61. Brehm SS, Brehm JW (1981) Psychological reactance: A theory of freedom and control. London: Acadmeic Press, Inc.
62. Baron-Cohen S (2004) The essential difference: Male and female brains and the truth about autism. NY: Basic Books.
63. Winter N (2010) Masculine Republicans and Feminine Democrats: Gender and Americans' Explicit and Implicit Images of the Political Parties. Political Behavior .
64. Cacioppo JT, Petty RE, Kao CF (1984) The efficient assessment of need for cognition. Journal of personality assessment 48: 306–307. [PubMed]
65. Greene JD (2009) Dual-process morality and the personal/impersonal distinction: A reply to McGuire, Langdon, Coltheart, and Mackenzie. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 45(3)581–584.
66. Frederick S (2005) Cognitive reflection and decision making. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(4)25–42.
67. Horberg EJ, Oveis C, Keltner D, Cohen AB (2009) Disgust and the moralization of purity. Journal of personality and social psychology 97(6)963–976. [PubMed] 68. Batson CD, Dyck JL, Brandt JR, Batson JG, Powell AL, et al. (1988) Five Studies Testing Two New Egoistic Alternatives to the Empathy–Altruism Hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55(1)52–77. [PubMed]
69. Cheung G, Rensvold R (2009) Evaluating Goodness-of-Fit Indexes for Testing Measurement Invariance. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal 9: 2, 233–255.
70. Baron RM, Kenny DA (1986) The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of personality and social psychology 51(6)1173–1182. [PubMed]
71. MacKinnon DP, Dwyer JH (1993) Estimating mediated effects in prevention studies. Evaluation Review 17(2)144–158.
72. Dowd ET, Wallbrown F, Sanders D, Yesenosky JM (1994) Psychological reactance and its relationship to normal personality variables. Cognitive Therapy and Research 18(6)601–612.
73. Ryan RM, Deci EL (2000) The darker and brighter sides of human existence: Basic psychological needs as a unifying concept. Psychological Inquiry 11(4)319–338.
74. Anderson SW, Bechara A, Damasio H, Tranel D, Damasio AR (2002) Impairment of social and moral behavior related to early damage in human prefrontal cortex. Foundations of Social Neuroscience 333–343. [PubMed]
75. Singelis TM, Triandis HC, Bhawuk DPS, Gelfand MJ (1995) Horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism and collectivism: A theoretical and measurement refinement. Cross-Cultural Research 29(3)240–275.
76. McFarland S, Brown D (2008) Who believes that identification with all humanity is ethical? Psicología Política 36: 37–49.
77. Campos B, Keltner D, Gonzaga GC (2002) Different kinds of love: How love experiences differ across relationships Poster presented at 2002 Western Psychological Association, Irvine, California.
78. Rozin P, Markwith M, Stoess C (1997) Moralization and becoming a vegetarian: The transformation of preferences into values and the recruitment of disgust. Psychological Science 8(2)67–73.
79. Rozin P, Singh L (1999) The moralization of cigarette smoking in the United States. Journal of Consumer Psychology 8(3)321–342.
80. Glenn AL (2010) How can studying psychopaths help us understand the neural mechanisms of moral judgment? Cell Science Reviews 6(4)30–35.
81. Thomas E, McGarty C, Mavor K (2009) Aligning Identities, Emotions, and Beliefs to Create Commitment to Sustainable Social and Political Action. Personality and Social Psychology Review 13: 194–218. [PubMed]
82. Smith C, Vaisey S (2010) Charitable giving and moral foundations in a nationally-representative sample. Manuscript in preparation, University of North Carolina.
83. Sears DO (1986) College sophomores in the laboratory: Influences of a narrow data base on social psychology's view of human nature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51: 515–530.
85. Gosling SD, Vazire S, Srivastava S, John OP (2004) Should We Trust Web-Based Studies? A Comparative Analysis of Six Preconceptions About Internet Questionnaires. American Psychologist 59(2)93–104. [PubMed]
86. Chang L, Krosnick JA (2009) National surveys via RDD telephone interviewing versus the Internet: Comparing sample representativeness and response quality. Public Opinion Quarterly 73: 641–678.
87. Chang L, Krosnick JA (2010) Comparing Oral Interviewing with Self-Administered Computerized Questionnaires: An Experiment. Public Opinion Quarterly 74: 154–167.
88. James W (1902) The varieties of religious experience. New York: Penguin.