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Asian J Neurosurg. 2012 Apr-Jun; 7(2): 84–86.
PMCID: PMC3410167

A torcular encephalocele with proatlas defect and os-terminale


Encephalocele means if meninges and brain tissue protrude out of the cranium. There are different types of encephalocele. The occipital encephaloceles are the most common type. Craniocervical junction and upper cervical spine abnormalities can rarely be associated with occipital encephalocele. We discuss this case because there is rare association between torcular encephalocele and proatlas anomalies.

Keywords: Cranio-cervical-junction anomaly, os terminale, proatlas anomaly, torcular encephalocele

Articles from Asian Journal of Neurosurgery are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications