We acknowledge the Look AHEAD sites that participated in this ancillary study. Frederick L. Brancati1, Jeff Honas2, Lawrence Cheskin3, Jeanne M. Clark3, Kerry Stewart3, Richard Rubin3, Jeanne Charleston, and Kathy Horak from the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. George A. Bray1, Kristi Rau2, Allison Strate2, Brandi Armand2, Frank L. Greenway3, Donna H. Ryan3, Donald Williamson3, Amy Bachand, Michelle Begnaud, Betsy Berhard, Elizabeth Caderette, Barbara Cerniauskas, David Creel, Diane Crow, Helen Guay, Nancy Kora, Kelly LaFleur, Kim Landry, Missy Lingle, Jennifer Perault, Mandy Shipp, Marisa Smith, and Elizabeth Tucker from the Pennington Biomedical Research Center. Cora E. Lewis1, Sheikilya Thomas2, Monika Safford3, Vicki DiLillo, Charlotte Bragg, Amy Dobelstein, Stacey Gilbert, Stephen Glasser, Sara Hannum, Anne Hubbell, Jennifer Jones, DeLavallade Lee, Ruth Luketic, Karen Marshall, L. Christie Oden, Janet Raines, Cathy Roche, Janet Truman, Nita Webb, and Audrey Wrenn from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. David M. Nathan1, Heather Turgeon2, Kristina Schumann2, Enrico Cagliero3, Linda Delahanty3, Kathryn Hayward3, Ellen Anderson3, Laurie Bissett, Richard Ginsburg, Valerie Goldman, Virginia Harlan, Charles McKitrick, Alan McNamara, Theresa Michel, Alexi Poulos, Barbara Steiner, and Joclyn Tosch from the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Center. Edward S. Horton1, Sharon D. Jackson2, Osama Hamdy3, A. Enrique Caballero3, Sarah Bain, Elizabeth Bovaird, Ann Goebel-Fabbri, Lori Lambert, Sarah Ledbury, Maureen Malloy, and Kerry Ovalle from the Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Center. George Blackburn1, Christos Mantzoros3, Kristinia Day, and Ann McNamara from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Center. James O. Hill1, Marsha Miller2, JoAnn Phillipp2, Robert Schwartz3, Brent Van Dorsten3, Judith Regensteiner3, Salma Benchekroun, Ligia Coelho, Paulette Cohrs, Elizabeth Daeninck, Amy Fields, Susan Green, April Hamilton, Jere Hamilton, Eugene Leshchinskiy, Michael McDermott, Lindsey Munkwitz, Loretta Rome, Kristin Wallace, and Terra Worley from the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. John P. Foreyt1, Rebecca S. Reeves2, Henry Pownall3, Ashok Balasubramanyam3, Peter Jones3, Michele Burrington, Chu-Huang Chen, Allyson Clark, Molly Gee, Sharon Griggs, Michelle Hamilton, Veronica Holley, Jayne Joseph, Patricia Pace, Julieta Palencia, Olga Satterwhite, Jennifer Schmidt, Devin Volding, and Carolyn White from the Baylor College of Medicine. Karen C. Johnson1, Carolyn Gresham2, Stephanie Connelly3, Amy Brewer, Mace Coday, Lisa Jones, Lynne Lichtermann, Shirley Vosburg, and J. Lee Taylor from the University of Tennessee East, University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Abbas E. Kitabchi1, Helen Lambeth2, Debra Clark, Andrea Crisler, Gracie Cunningham, Donna Green, Debra Force, Robert Kores, Renate Rosenthal, Elizabeth Smith, Maria Sun, and Judith Soberman3 from the University of Tennessee Downtown, University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Robert W. Jeffery1, Carolyn Thorson2, John P. Bantle3, J. Bruce Redmon3, Richard S. Crow3, Scott Crow3, Susan K Raatz3, Kerrin Brelje, and Carolyne Campbell, Jeanne Carls, Tara Carmean-Mihm, Emily Finch, Anna Fox, Elizabeth Hoelscher, La Donna James, Vicki A. Maddy, Therese Ockenden, Birgitta I. Rice, Tricia Skarphol, Ann D. Tucker, Mary Susan Voeller, and Cara Walcheck from the University of Minnesota. Xavier Pi-Sunyer1, Jennifer Patricio2, Stanley Heshka3, Carmen Pal3, Lynn Allen, Diane Hirsch, and Mary Anne Holowatyfrom the St. Luke’s Roosevelt Hospital Center. Thomas A. Wadden1, Barbara J. Maschak-Carey2, Stanley Schwartz3, Gary D. Foster3, Robert I. Berkowitz3, Henry Glick3, Shiriki K. Kumanyika3, Johanna Brock, Helen Chomentowski, Vicki Clark, Canice Crerand, Renee Davenport, Andrea Diamond, Anthony Fabricatore, Louise Hesson, Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing, Robert Kuehnel, Patricia Lipschutz, Monica Mullen, Leslie Womble, and Nayyar Iqbal from the University of Pennsylvania. David E. Kelley1, Jacqueline Wesche-Thobaben2, Lewis Kuller3, Andrea Kriska3, Janet Bonk, Rebecca Danchenko, Daniel Edmundowicz3, Mary L. Klem3, Monica E. Yamamoto3, Barb Elnyczky, George A. Grove, Pat Harper, Janet Krulia, Juliet Mancino, Anne Mathews, Tracey Y. Murray, Joan R. Ritchea, Jennifer Rush, Karen Vujevich, and Donna Wolf from the University of Pittsburgh. Rena R. Wing1, Renee Bright2, Vincent Pera3, John Jakicic3, Deborah Tate3, Amy Gorin3, Kara Gallagher3, Amy Bach, Barbara Bancroft, Anna Bertorelli, Richard Carey, Tatum Charron, Heather Chenot, Kimberley Chula-Maguire, Pamela Coward, Lisa Cronkite, Julie Currin, Maureen Daly, Caitlin Egan, Erica Ferguson, Linda Foss, Jennifer Gauvin, Don Kieffer, Lauren Lessard, Deborah Maier, J.P. Massaro, Tammy Monk, Rob Nicholson, Erin Patterson, Suzanne Phelan, Hollie Raynor, Douglas Raynor, Natalie Robinson, Deborah Robles, and Jane Tavares from the Miriam Hospital/Brown Medical School. Steven M. Haffner1, Maria G. Montez2, and Carlos Lorenzo3 from the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Steven Kahn1, Brenda Montgomery2, Robert Knopp3, Edward Lipkin3, Matthew L. Maciejewski3, Dace Trence3, Terry Barrett, Joli Bartell, Diane Greenberg, Anne Murillo, Betty Ann Richmond, and April Thomas from the University of Washington/VA Puget Sound Health Care System. Mark A. Espeland1, Judy L. Bahnson2, Lynne Wagenknecht3, David Reboussin3, W. Jack Rejeski3, Alain Bertoni3, Wei Lang3, Gary Miller3, David Lefkowitz3, Patrick S. Reynolds3, Paul Ribisl3, Mara Vitolins3, Michael Booth2, Kathy M. Dotson2, Amelia Hodges2, Carrie C. Williams2, Jerry M. Barnes, Patricia A. Feeney, Jason Griffin, Lea Harvin, William Herman, Patricia Hogan, Sarah Jaramillo, Mark King, Kathy Lane, Rebecca Neiberg, Andrea Ruggiero, Christian Speas, Michael P. Walkup, Karen Wall, Michelle Ward, Delia S. West, and Terri Windham from the Coordinating Center, Wake Forest University. Santica M. Marcovina1 and Greg Strylewicz from the Central Laboratory, Northwest Lipid Research Laboratories.
The Federal sponsors were the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: Barbara Harrison, Van S. Hubbard, and Susan Z.Yanovski. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Lawton S. Cooper, Jeffrey Cutler, and Eva Obarzanek. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Edward W. Gregg, David F. Williamson, and Ping Zhang.
This study was supported by the Department of Health and Human Services through the following cooperative agreements from the National Institutes of Health: DK57136, DK57149, DK56990, DK57177, DK57171, DK57151, DK57182, DK57131, DK57002, DK57078, DK57154, DK57178, DK57219, DK57008, DK57135, and DK56992. The following federal agencies have contributed support: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institute of Nursing Research, National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, Office of Research on Women’s Health, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Additional support was received from The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Bayview General Clinical Research Center (M01RR02719), the Massachusetts General Hospital Mallinckrodt General Clinical Research Center (M01RR01066), the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center General Clinical Research Center (M01RR00051) and Clinical Nutrition Research Unit (P30 DK48520), the University of Tennessee at Memphis General Clinical Research Center (M01RR0021140), the University of Pittsburgh General Clinical Research Center (M01RR000056 44) and NIH grants (DK 046204 and DK072497), and the University of Washington/VA Puget Sound Health Care System Medical Research Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Frederic C. Bartter General Clinical Research Center (M01RR01346). A.K.H. was supported by the Training Program in Cardiovascular Research (NIH, 5T32HL069770).
The following organizations have committed to make major contributions to Look AHEAD: Federal Express, Health Management Resources, Johnson & Johnson, LifeScan Inc., Optifast-Novartis Nutrition, Roche Pharmaceuticals, Ross Product Division of Abbott Laboratories, Slim-Fast Foods Company, and Unilever.
The superscript numbers 1, 2, and 3 indicate the Principal Investigator, Program Coordinator, and the Co-Investigator, respectively. All other Look AHEAD staffs are listed alphabetically by site.