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Logo of bmcphysBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Physiology
 
From:
Published online 2012 June 27. doi: 10.1186/1472-6793-12-8

Table 1

Factors associated with the development of visceral obesity

FactorAssociationReference
Genetics
Ethnicity, hypothalamic genetic disorders, etc.
[28-32]
Age
↑ Age  ↑ WC (Age > 60  ↑ WC)
[33,34]
Sex
Male WC > Female WC
[33]
Physical Activity Status
↑ Physical Activity Status  ↓ WC
[35,36]
Dietary Composition
↑ Fat/Fructose content  ↑ WHR
[37-39]
Smoking
↑ Smoking  ↑ WHR
[8,40]
Alcohol Consumption
↑ Alcohol consumption  ↑ WHR
[8,41]
Socio-Economic Status
↓ Socio-Economic Status  ↑ WHR
[8,42]
Stress-related Mood
↑ Depression/Anxiety  ↑ WHR
[8,43]
Disorders  

Abbreviations: WC, waist-circumference; WHR, waist-to-hip circumference ratio.