The BEYOND study and NAb testing performed for this manuscript was funded by Bayer Pharma AG.
Dr. Hartung has received personal compensation from Biogen Idec, Teva, sanofi-aventis, Novartis Pharma, Merck Serono and Bayer Schering Pharma AG for speaking and consulting services. The MS Center at the Department of Neurology Heinrich-Heine-University is in part supported by the Walter-and-Ilse-Rose Stiftung.
Dr. Kieseier has received honoraria for lecturing, travel expenses for attending meetings and financial support for research from Baxter, Bayer Schering, Biogen Idec, Medac, Merck Serono, Novartis, Roche, sanofi-aventis, Talecris and Teva Neuroscience, Inc.
Dr. Goodin has participated (or is currently participating) in several industry-sponsored clinical trials in multiple sclerosis. The sponsoring pharmaceutical companies for these trials have included (or do include) Ares-Serono, Merck-Serono, Novartis, Berlex Laboratories, Bayer- Schering Healthcare, Biogen-Idec, Schering AG and Teva Neuroscience, Inc. He has also lectured at both medical conferences and in public on various aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis. In many cases, these talks have been sponsored directly or indirectly by one or another of the above-listed companies. He has also served as a temporary ad hoc consultant to several of these organizations on several occasions.
Dr. Arnason has served as a consultant within the past year to Bayer Schering Healthare, sanofi-aventis, Questcor, Inc. and Acorda, Inc. He has participated in a clinical trial sponsored by Acorda and has received research grant support from Questcor.
Dr. Comi has received personal compensation for speaking and consultancy activities from Bayer Schering, Serono Symposia International Foundation, Merck Serono International, sanofi-aventis, Novartis, Biogen Dompè and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. in the past two years.
Dr. Cook has received personal compensation for consultations from advisory boards or lectures from Bayer Healthcare, Merck Serono, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Biogen Idec, sanofi-aventis and Actinobacter.
Dr. Filippi serves on scientific advisory boards for Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. and Genmab A/S; has received funding for travel from Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen-Dompè, Genmab A/S, Merck Serono and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.; serves on editorial boards of the American Journal of Neuroradiology, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, Erciyes Medical Journal, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, Journal of Neuroimaging, Journal of Neurovirology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Multiple Sclerosis and Neurological Sciences; serves as a consultant to Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen-Dompè, Genmab A/S, Merck Serono and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.; serves on speakers’ bureaus for Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen-Dompè, Genmab A/S, Merck Serono and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.; and receives research support from Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen-Dompè, Genmab A/S, Merck Serono, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and Fondazione Italiana Sclerosi Multipla.
Dr. Jeffery has received honoraria and consulting fees from Berlex, Serono, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Glaxo and Pfizer.
Dr. Kappos has received financial support for research activities from Abbott, Bayer, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Bayer Schering Pharma, Bayhill, Biogen Idec, Centocor, Eisai, Elan, Genzyme, Merck Serono, Neurocrine, Novartis, sanofi-aventis, Roche, Teva, UCB and Wyeth.
Dr. Bogumil is a salaried employee of Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Montville, NJ.
Dr. Stemper, Dr. Sandbrink, Dr. Schwenke, and Heubach are salaried employees of Bayer Pharma AG, Berlin, Germany.
Dr. Lehr was a salaried employee of Bayer Pharma AG, Berlin, Germany.
Yukiko Nakada and Haruhiko Nakajima are salaried employees of Mitsubishi Chemical Medience Corporation.
Dr. Pohl and Dr. Reischl are salaried employees of Bayer Pharma AG, Berlin, Germany.