Concordance and Shared Decision-Making (SDM) are considered measures of the quality of care that improves communication, promotes patient participation, creates a positive relationship with the healthcare professional, and results in greater adherence with the treatment plan.
This study compares the attitudes of 225 mental health professionals (125 psychiatrists and 100 psychiatry registrars) and 449 psychiatric outpatients towards SDM and concordance in medicine taking by using the "Leeds Attitude toward Concordance Scale" (LATCon).
The internal consistency of the scale was good in all three samples (Cronbach's α: patients=0.82, psychiatrists=0.76, and registrars=0.82). Patients scored significantly lower (1.96±0.48) than professionals (P<.001 in both cases), while no statistically significant differences between psychiatrists (2.32±0.32) and registrars (2.23±0.35) were registered; the three groups showed a positive attitude towards concordance in most indicators. Patients are clearly in favor of being informed and that their views and preferences be taken into account during the decision-making process, although they widely consider that the final decision must be the doctor's responsibility. Among mental health professionals, the broader experience provides a greater conviction of the importance of the patient's decision about treatment.
We observed a positive attitude towards concordance in the field of psychotropic drugs prescription both in professionals and among patients, but further studies are needed to address the extent to which this apparently accepted model is reflected in the daily practice of mental health professionals.
Keywords: Attitudes, Concordance, LATCon, Psychiatric outpatients, Psychiatrist, Psychiatry registrar, Shared decision-making