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Logo of clinintagDove Medical PressThis ArticleSubscribeSubmit a ManuscriptSearchFollowDovepressClinical Interventions in Aging
 
From:
Published online 2012 July 2. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S29656

Table 4

Behavioral index

Cognitive statusIntact (n = 7,428)Mild (n = 13,928)Moderate (n = 15,216)Severe (n = 16,424)
Change in behavioral symptoms101 Improved (1.4%)348 (2.5%)645 (4.2%)821 (5.0%)
110 Deteriorated (1.5%)357 (2.6%)792 (5.2%)792 (4.8%)
Pain behavior
Affect/nonverbal cues
 (E1D) Persistent anger751 (10.1%)1,840 (13.2%)2,839 (18.6%)2,033 (12.4%)
 (E1K) Insomsnia197 (2.6%)378 (2.7%)595 (3.9%)560 (3.4%)
 (E1L) Sad facial expressions173 (10%)2,197 (15.8%)3,558 (23.4%)3,647 (22.2%)
 (E1M) Crying245 (3.3%)715 (5.2%)1,158 (7.6%)1,452 (8.9%)
 (E1O) Withdrawal107 (1.4%)394 (2.8%)574 (3.8%)659 (4.1%)
 (E1P) Reduced social interaction196 (2.6%)546 (3.9%)744 (4.9%)813 (4.9%)
 (E2) Persistence1,742 (23.4%)4,514 (32.4%)6,895 (45.3%)6,726 (40.9%)
Verbal cues
 (E1A) Negative statements181 (2.4%)489 (3.6%)711 (4.6%)307 (1.9%)
 (E1B) Repetitive questions34 (0.4%)426 (3.1%)1,949 (12.8%)1,085 (6.6%)
 (E1C) Repetitive verbalizations68 (0.9%)355 (2.5%)1,306 (8.6%)1,631 (9.9%)
 (E1E) Self deprecation79 (1.1%)277 (2.0%)312 (2.1%)115 (.7%)
 (E1H) Health complaints776 (10.5%)1,572 (11.3%)1,386 (9.1%)380 (2.3%)
 (E1I) Anxious complaints693 (9.3%)1,853 (13.3%)2,524 (16.6%)960 (5.9%)
 (E4BA) Verbally abusive frequency304 (4.1%)943 (6.7%)2,194 (14.4%)1,915 (11.7%)
Physical cues
 (E4DA) Inappropriate behavior frequency; disruptive sounds, noisiness, screaming, self-abuse acts, sexual behavior or disrobing in public, smeared/threw feces, hoarding, rummaging through other’s belongings178 (2.5%)857 (6.2%)2,273 (14.9%)3,344 (20.4%)
 (E4DB) Inappropriate behavior alterability108 (1.5%)505 (3.6%)1,420 (9.3%)2, 326 (14.2%)
 (B5D) Restlessness65 (0.9%)689 (4.9%)3,023 (19.8%)5,772 (35.1%)
 (E1N) Repetitive physical movements; pacing, hand wringing, restlessness, fidgeting, picking100 (1.4%)621 (4.4%)2,158 (14.2%)3.855 (23.5%)
 (E4AA) Wandering frequency5 (0.1%)187 (1.4%)1,874 (12.3%)2,755 (16.8%)
 (E4AB) Wandering alterability268 (0.5%)900 (5.9%)1,699 (10.3%)
 (E4CA) Physically abusive frequency37 (0.5%)223 (1.7%)1,068 (7.1%)2,094 (12.7%)
 (E4CB) Physically abusive alterability23 (0.3%)97 (0.7)617 (4.1%)1,368 (8.3%)
 (E4EA) Resists care frequency387 (5.1%)1,417 (10.3%)3,375 (22.2%)4,934 (30.0%)
 (E4EB) Resists care alterability287 (3.9%)972 (7.0%)2,244 (14.7%)3,392 (20.7%)