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AIDS Res Treat. 2012; 2012: 576149.
Published online Jun 24, 2012. doi:  10.1155/2012/576149
PMCID: PMC3388478
Adolescents Living with HIV: An Indian Profile
Sravya Kurapati, 1 Madhu Vajpayee, 1 * Meenakshi Raina, 1 and Sreenivas Vishnubhatla 2
1Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
2Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
*Madhu Vajpayee: mvajpayee/at/hotmail.com
Academic Editor: Bonita Stanton
Received February 1, 2012; Revised April 9, 2012; Accepted April 19, 2012.
Abstract
Purpose. Although there have been studies on the presence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among the adult and even pediatric population, the adolescent population has been neglected. The main objective of this study was to understand and describe the profile of adolescents accessing the Integrated Counseling and Testing Centre (ICTC) at a tertiary healthcare centre in north India. This was a retrospective analysis of the data collected where, in addition to the analysis of the presence of HIV among the target population, a comparative analysis of HIV-positive and negative individuals was also carried out. Methods. Counselors at the ICTC of All India Institute of Medical Sciences recorded responses of the patients, and pre- and posttest counseling was performed appropriately. Also, HIV testing was performed using rapid tests (EIA) and ELISA. Both pre- and posttest counseling was performed for most of the patients. Also, the data collected from 2005 to May, 2011 was then retrospectively analyzed using various statistical tests, such as, Chi-square test and odds ratios. Results. Out of 979, 84 tested HIV positive. Discrimination at multiple levels was observed.The 10–14 years age group was 0.56 times more likely to be HIV positive than 15–19 year old. HIV serostatus was strongly associated with risk behavior (P = 0.003) with heterosexual transmission being the most common. Conclusion. These findings highlight the profile of adolescents in India and their equation with HIV on demographic and psychosocial levels.
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