The National Institutes of Health and the NICHD provided grant support for the NRN′s generic database and follow-up studies. Data collected at participating sites of the NICHD NRN were transmitted to RTI International, the data coordinating center (DCC) for the network, which stored, managed, and analyzed the data for this study. On behalf of the NRN, Dr Abhik Das (DCC Principal Investigator) and Mr Douglas Kendrick (DCC Statistician) had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis.
The following investigators (and their National Institutes of Health grant numbers), in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study: Alan H. Jobe, MD, PhD, University of Cincinnati (NRN Chair); Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904): William Oh, MD, Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Barbara Alksninis, PNP, Angelita M. Hensman, RN, BSN, Teresa M. Leach, Med, CAES, Martha R. Leonard, BA, BS, Lucy Noel, RN, Rachel A. Vogt, MD, and Victoria E. Watson, MS, CAS; Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR80 and U10 HD21364): Michele C. Walsh, MD, MS, Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD, Nancy S. Newman, RN, Bonnie S. Siner, RN, and Harriet G. Friedman, MA; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital (GCRC M01 RR8084 and U10 HD27853): Edward F. Donovan, MD, Jean J. Steichen, MD, Barbara Alexander, RN, Cathy Grisby, BSN, CCRC, Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN, Holly L. Mincey, RN, BSN, Jody Hessling, RN, and Teresa L. Gratton, PA; Emory University Children's Health Care of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory University Hospital Midtown (GCRC M01 RR39 and U10 HD27851): Barbara J. Stoll, MD, Ira Adams-Chapman, MD, Sheena Carter, PhD, Elisabeth Dinkins, PNP, Ellen C. Hale, RN, BS, CCRC, Maureen Mulligan LaRossa, RN, and Gloria V. Smikle, PNP, MSN; NICHD: Linda L. Wright, MD, and Elizabeth M. McClure, Med; Indiana University, Indiana University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (GCRC M01 RR750 and U10 HD27856): Brenda B. Poindexter, MD, MS, James A. Lemons, MD, Marilyn Bull, MD, Anna M. Dusick, MD, FAAP, Darlene Kardatzke, MD, Carolyn Lytle, MD, MPH, Diana D. Appel, RN, BSN, Lon G. Bohnke, MS, Greg Eaken, PhD, Dianne E. Herron, RN, Lucy C. Miller, RN, BSN, CCRC, Heike M. Minnich, PsyD, HSPP, Leslie Richard, RN, and Leslie Dawn Wilson, BSN, CCRC; RTI International (U01 HD36790): W. Kenneth Poole, PhD, Betty Hastings, Elizabeth M. McClure, Med, Jeanette O'Donnell Auman, BS, Carolyn M. Petrie Huitema, MS, and Scott E. Schaefer, MS; Stanford University, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and California Pacific Medical Center (GCRC M01 RR70 and U10 HD27880): David K. Stevenson, MD, Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD, Susan Hintz, MD, MSEpi, Charles E. Ahlfors, MD, Robert D. Stebbins, MD, Jean G. Kohn, MD, MPH, Dharshi Sivakumar, MD, MRCP, M. Bethany Ball, BS, CCRC, Carol G. Kuelper, PhD, Julie C. Lee-Ancajas, PhD, Joan M. Baran, PhD, Lori E. Bond, PhD, Ginger K. Brudos, PhD, Anne M. DeBattista, RN, PNP, Renee P. Pyle, PhD, and Nicholas H. St John, PhD; University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children's Hospital of Alabama (GCRC M01 RR32 and U10 HD34216): Waldemar A. Carlo, MD, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, MD, MPH, Kathleen G. Nelson, MD, Kirstin J. Bailey, PhD, Fred J. Biasini, PhD, Stephanie A. Chopko, PhD, Monica V. Collins, RN, BSN, MaEd, Shirley S. Cosby, RN, BSN, Mary Beth Moses, PT, MS, PCS, Vivien A. Phillips, RN, BSN, Julie Preskitt, MSOT, MPH, Richard V. Rector, PhD, and Sally Whitley, MA, OTR-L, FAOTA; University of Miami Holtz Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR16587 and U10 HD21397): Shahnaz Duara, MD, Charles R. Bauer, MD, Mary Allison, RN, Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN, MSN, Alexis N. Diaz, BA, Elaine O. Mathews, RN, Kasey Hamlin-Smith, PhD, Lisa Jean-Gilles, BA, Maria Calejo, MS, Silvia M. Frade Eguaras, BA, Silvia Hiriart-Fajardo, MD, and Yamiley C. Gideon, BA; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Parkland Health and Hospital System and Children's Medical Center Dallas (GCRC M01 RR633 and U10 HD40689): Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD, Walid A. Salhab, MD, Roy J. Heyne, MD, R. Sue Broyles, MD, Sally S. Adams, PNP, Cathy Twell Boatman, MS, Cristin Dooley, PhD, LSSP, Alicia Guzman, Gaynelle Hensley, RN, Elizabeth Heyne, PA-C, Jackie F Hickman, RN, Linda A. Madden, BSN, RN, CPNP, Nancy A. Miller, RN, Janet S. Morgan, RN, and Susie Madison, RN; University of Texas Medical School, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital/Harris County Hospital District (U10 HD21373): Jon E. Tyson, MD, MPH, Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD, MPH, Esther G. Akpa, RN, BSN, Patty A. Cluff, RN, Claudia Y. Franco, RN, BSN, Anna E. Lis, RN, BSN, Georgia E. McDavid, RN, Patti L. Tate, RCP, Nora I. Alaniz, BS, Pamela J. Bradt, MD, MPH, Magda Cedillo, Susan Dieterich, PhD, Patricia Evans, MD, Terri Major-Kincade, MD, MPH, Brenda H. Morris, MD, Maegan C. Simmons, RN, Laura L. Whitely, MD, and Sharon L. Wright, MT; Wayne State University Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385): Seetha Shankaran, MD, Athina Pappas, MD, Yvette R. Johnson, MD, MPH, Virginia Delaney-Black, MD, MPH, Rebecca Bara, RN, BSN, Debra Driscoll, RN, BSN, Laura Goldston, MA, Deborah Kennedy, RN, BSN, Geraldine Muran, RN, BSN, Yale University Yale–New Haven Children's Hospital (general clinical research center) (M01 RR6022 and U10 HD27871): Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD, Patricia Gettner, RN, Nancy Close, PhD, Walter Gilliam, PhD, Monica Konstantino, RN, BSN, JoAnn Poulsen, RN, Elaine Romano, MSN, Janet Taft, RN, BSN, and Joanne Williams, RN, BSN.
We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study.