Proyecto Parejas Couple Verification Screening (CVS) question listc
QUESTIONS ASKED OF ALL INDIVIDUALS:
■ Initial questions re-assess eligibility criteria and intimate partner violence (from the primary screener)
■ What is your/your partner's date of birth? d
■ How old are you/is your partner?
■ Please tell me which drugs you/your partner are currently using.
■ Where did you and your partner meet each other for the first time? (Probe for a specific location, not just a city or "on the street")
■ What year and month was it when you met your partner?
POOL OF QUESTIONS FROM SIX DIFFERENT CVS VERSIONS:
■ What is your/your partner's steady job?
■ About how many hours do you/does your partner work each day?
■ At what time do you/your partner usually start work?
■ At what time do you/your partner usually finish work?
■ Where (physical location) do you/your partner go most often to use drugs?
■ How old did you tell your partner you are? How old did your partner tell you she/he is?
■ How many permanent tattoos do you have on your body? How many permanent tattoos does your partner have on his/her body? d
■ How many children live with you/your partner right now?
■ On what part of the body do you/your partner have your largest scar?
■ How many daughters do you/does your partner have?
■ How many sons do you/does your partner have?
■ To which connecta or picaderoa do you/your partner usually go?
■ Where were you/your partner born (city, state and country)? d
■ What is the biggest tattoo on your/your partner's body?
■ When you and your partner met for the first time, who made the first move?
■ What is the name of one of your/your partner's friends (someone with whom you spend the most time)?
■ What does your partner call you (a nickname)? What do you call your partner (a nickname)?
■ Where do you/your partner live most of the time?
■ What do you/your partner have tattooed on your back?
■ The last meal you shared together with your partner, what did you eat?
When was that meal? What was it? Where did you eat?
■ How many times per week do you/your partner talk with your/your partner's immediate family?
■ When was the last time you and your partner got into an argument?
■ How old are you? How old is your partner? d
■ What is your/your partner's main talonb?
■ In what area or location do you/does your partner spend most of the time when trying to earn money? (probe for a specific bar, motel corner, street)
■ The last time that you and your partner slept in the same bed together, who slept closer to the door? d
■ How many brothers do you/does your partner have? d
■ How many sisters do you/does your partner have? d
■ If your partner needed to call you, what number would he/she call first? If you needed to call your partner, what number would you call first?
■ Where do your parents/your partner's parents live?
■ If you had the opportunity to travel, where would you like to go (probe for a specific location)? If your partner had the opportunity to travel, where would he/she like to go?
■ Do you/does your partner inject drugs?
■ In what part of the body do you/your partner usually inject?
■ On what date did you last have sex with your partner? d On that day, at what time did you have sex with your partner?
■ Where did you/your partner sleep last night?
■ Where did you/your partner sleep the night before last?
■ In case of an emergency or illness, where would you/your partner go?
■ When was the last time you/your partner were picked up by the police and put in jail?
■ Where do you/your partner sleep most of the time (probe for specific location)?
■ If your partner wasn't at home and you needed to find him/her, what's the first place you would go look for him/her? If you weren't at home and your partner needed to find you, what's the first place he/she would go look for you? (Probe for specific name, especially if response is a bar or on the street)
■ Who helps you/your partner when you are sick?
■ Do you have someone you can call to get you out of jail/when you're picked up by the police? Who? Does your partner have someone he/she can call to get him/her of jail/when he/she is picked up by the police? Who?
FINAL QUESTIONS FOR INTERVIEWER:
■ On a scale of 1 to 10, with one being not at all confident to 10 being perfectly confident, how confident are you that this is an actual couple?
■ Interviewer notes/comments:
We also created new questions that drew from the team's familiarity and experience working with the population in the local cultural and socioeconomic context of the Mexico-U.S. border region. For example, because nicknames are very common in the study population, frequently used in the local street culture as well as terms of endearment in close relationships, we asked: "What does your partner call you (a nickname)? What do you call your partner (a nickname)?" The team also designed questions relevant to the daily hardships faced by the population. For example, because much of the population spends a significant amount of time on the streets and in public places to informally earn money, we assessed "In what area or location do you/does your partner spend most of the time when you are trying to earn money? (probe for a specific bar, motel corner, street)" and "If your partner wasn't at home and you needed to find him/her, what's the first place you would go look for him/her? If you weren't at home and your partner needed to find you, what's the first place he/she would go look for you? (Probe for specific name, especially if response is a bar or on the street)." Other questions acknowledged drug involvement, such as "To which connecta [place to purchase drugs] or picadero [shooting gallery] do you/your partner usually go?" These questions also provided the field teams with current information on the constantly changing local drug markets. Finally, because this population faces frequent harassment by the police, the question "When was the last time you/your partner were picked up by the police and put in jail?" was appropriate in the local context.
Ultimately, in order to render the eligibility criteria less evident and reduce the likelihood that individuals could rehearse their answers to a known set of questions, six versions of the CVS were programmed into QDS, which randomly generated one of the versions for each couple who underwent screening. Each CVS version contained eligibility questions, core relationship questions that were asked of all couples (e.g., "Where did you and your partner meet each other for the first time?"), and a random series of questions drawn from the list in Proyecto Parejas Couple Verification Screening (CVS) question list.
Like McMahon's protocol (2003) [8
], we decided against having a hard rule that partners' answers had to match exactly. Instead, we took proximity of responses into account (e.g., partners providing birthdates for each other that were technically incorrect but matched closely). Whenever possible, the field team also drew on their observations and personal knowledge of the couples to make a decision about their eligibility.
Enrollment was an ongoing process that involved field staff at both sites in Mexico and checks by statisticians in San Diego. Decisions to enroll couples were made in the field on a case-by-case basis that considered the totality of evidence from the CVS responses and staff observations and knowledge. Interviewers documented the reasons why couples were disqualified and, if excluded, individuals were not informed why they were excluded or whose responses led to exclusion. Enrollment and disqualification were reviewed biweekly by Field Coordinators in both sites and statisticians in San Diego in a process of routine data collection and quality control. If eligible, staff reviewed study procedures and potential risks so that each partner could provide written informed consent. All study protocols were approved by the University of California, San Diego's Human Subjects Research Protections Program and the institutional review boards of the Hospital General and El Colegio de la Frontera Norte in Tijuana and the Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez.