Albany Medical College: S Factor, D Higgins, S Evans; Barrow Neurological Institute: H Shill, M Stacy, J Danielson, L Marlor, K Williamson; Baylor College of Medicine: J Jankovic, C Hunter; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: D Simon, P Ryan, L Scollins; Beth Israel Medical Center: R Saunders-Pullman, K Boyar, C Costan-Toth, E Ohmann; Brigham & Women’s Hospital: L Sudarsky, C Joubert; Brown University (Memorial Hospital of RI): J Friedman, K Chou, H Fernandez, M Lannon; Cleveland Clinic Florida-Weston: N Galvez-Jimenez, A Podichetty, K Thompson; Clinical Neuroscience Center: P Lewitt, M DeAngelis; Colorado Neurological Institute: C O’Brien, L Seeberger, C Dingmann, D Judd; Columbia University Medical Center: K Marder, J Fraser, J Harris; Creighton University: J Bertoni, C Peterson; Evanston Northwestern Healthcare: M Rezak, G Medalle; Hotel-Dieu Hospital-Chum: S Chouinard, M Panisset, J Hall, H Poiffaut; Hunter Homes McGuire Veterans Medical Center: V Calabrese, P Roberge; Indiana University School of Medicine: J Wojcieszek, J Belden; Institute For Neurodegenerative Disorders: D Jennings, K Marek, S Mendick; Johns Hopkins University: S Reich, B Dunlop; London Health Sciences Centre: M Jog, C Horn; Mayo Clinic Jacksonville: R Uitti, M Turk; McFarland Neurosciences: T Ajax, J Mannetter; Medical College of Georgia: K Sethi, J Carpenter, B Dill, L Hatch, K Ligon, S Narayan; Medical College of Wisconsin: K Blindauer, K Abou-Samra, J Petit; Medical University of Ohio: L Elmer, E Aiken, K Davis, C Schell, S Wilson; Mount Sinai School of Medicine: M Velickovic, W Koller (deceased), S Phipps; North Shore-LIJ Health System: A Feigin, M Gordon, J Hamann, E Licari, M Marotta-Kollarus, B Shannon, R Winnick; Northwestern University: T Simuni, A Videnovic, A Kaczmarek, K Williams, M Wolff; Ochsner Clinic Foundation: J Rao, M Cook; Ohio State University: M Fernandez, S Kostyk, J Hubble, A Campbell, C Reider, A Seward; Oregon Health & Science University: R Camicioli, J Carter, J Nutt, P Andrews, S Morehouse, C Stone; Ottawa Hospital Civic Site: T Mendis, D Grimes, C Alcorn-Costa, P Gray, K Haas, J Vendette; Pacific Neuroscience Medical Group: J Sutton, B Hutchinson, J Young; Saskatoon Dist Health Board Royal Univ Hosp: A Rajput, A Rajput, L Klassen, T Shirley; Scott & White Hospital/Texas A&M University: B Manyam, P Simpson, J Whetteckey, B Wulbrecht; The Parkinson’s & Movement Disorder Institute: D Truong, M Pathak, K Frei, N Luong, T Tra, A Tran, J Vo; Toronto Western Hospital, University Health: A Lang, G Kleiner-Fisman, A Nieves, L Johnston, J So; UMDNJ-School of Osteopathic Medicine: G Podskalny, L Giffin; University of Alabama at Birmingham: P Atchison, C Allen; University of Alberta: W Martin, M Wieler; University of Calgary: O Suchowersky, S Furtado, M Klimek; University of California Irvine: N Hermanowicz, S Niswonger; University of California San Diego: C Shults (deceased), D Fontaine; University of California San Francisco: M Aminoff, C Christine, M Diminno, J Hevezi; University of Chicago: A Dalvi, U Kang, J Richman, S Uy, J Young; University of Cincinnati: A Dalvi, A Sahay, M Gartner, D Schwieterman; University of Colorado Health Sciences Center: D Hall, M Leehey, S Culver, T Derian; University of Connecticut: T Demarcaida, S Thurlow; University of Iowa: R Rodnitzky, J Dobson; University of Kansas Medical Center: K Lyons, R Pahwa, T Gales, S Thomas; University of Maryland School of Medicine: L Shulman, S Reich, W Weiner, K Dustin; University of Miami: K Lyons, C Singer, W Koller (deceased), W Weiner, L Zelaya; University of Minnesota: P Tuite, V Hagen, S Rolandelli, R Schacherer, J Kosowicz; University of New Mexico: P Gordon, J Werner; University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine: C Serrano, S Roque; University of Rochester: R Kurlan, D Berry, I Gardiner; University of South Florida: R Hauser, J Sanchez-Ramos, T Zesiewicz, H Delgado, K Price, P Rodriguez, S Wolfrath; University of Tennessee Health Science Center: R Pfeiffer, L Davis, B Pfeiffer; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center: R Dewey, B Hayward, A Johnson, M Meacham, B Estes; Wake Forest University School of Medicine: F Walker, V Hunt, C O’Neill; Washington University: B Racette, L Good, M Rundle
GenePD Investigators and Coordinators
University Southern California School of Medicine: M Lew; University of Calgary: O Suchowersky; University of Lübeck, Germany: C Klein; UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School: L Golbe, MH Mark; Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School: J Growdon, N Huggins; University of Virginia Health System: GF Wooten; University of Alabama at Birmingham: R Watts; University of Toronto: M Guttman; Washington University School of Medicine: B Racette, J Perlmutter; Barrow Neurological Institute: L Marlor; Sun Health Research Institute: H Shill; University of Miami: C Singer; Parkinson Institute, Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento, Milano, Italy: S Goldwurm, G Pezzoli; Boston University School of Medicine: MH Saint-Hilaire, T Massood; Cleveland Clinic Foundation: K Baker, I Itin; University of Louisville School of Medicine: I Litvan; University of Sydney ANZAC Research Institute, Concord Hospital, Sydney, Australia: G Nicholson, A Corbett; Struthers Parkinson’s Center, Minneapolis: M Nance; Port City Neurology, Scarborough, ME: E Drasby; Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorder Center of Boca Raton: S Isaacson; Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: D Burn, P Chinnery; General Regional Hospital Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy: P Pramstaller; University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences: J Al-hinti; Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark: A Moller, K Ostergaard; University of Arizona: S Sherman; Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand: R Roxburgh, B Snow; University of Kentucky College of Medicine: J Slevin, F Cambi.
NGRC Investigators and Coordinators
New York State Department of Health Wadsworth Center: D Kay, J Montimurro, V Kusel; VA Puget Sound Health Care System and University of Washington: A Samii, E Martinez, D Yearout; Oregon Health and Sciences University: J Nutt; Evergreen Hospital Medical Center: P Agarwal, A Griffith; Virginia Mason Medical Center: JW Roberts; Samuel Stratton VA Medical Center and Albany Medical Center: DS Higgins. Albany Medical Center: Eric Molho, Emory University: Ami Rosen
HIHG Investigators and Coordinators
CA Jauregui, MA Nance, RL Watts, JP Hubble, WC Koller, K Lyons, R Pahwa, MB Stern, A Colcher, BC Hiner, J Jankovic, WG Ondo, FH Allen, Jr., CG Goetz, GW Small, D Masterman, F Mastaglia, BL Scott, C Singer, F Nahab, MA Pericak-Vance, and JL Haines who contributed to this study. Some of the samples used in this study were collected while the Udall PDRCE was at Duke University.
NetPD Investigators and Coordinators
University of Michigan: K Chou, K Wernette; Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center: K Shannon, J Jaglin; Oregon Health Sciences University: J Carter, P Andrews; Baylor College of Medicine: J Jankovic, J Shahed, C Hunter; University of Virginia: FG Wooten, MF Keller; The Parkinson’s Institute: C Tanner, T Stewart, C Lawrence, K Smith; University of Miami: C Singer, M Quesada; University of Pennsylvania: A Siderowf, S Reichwein; University of South Florida: R Hauser, S Wolfrath, G Piper; Washington University: B Racette, P Deppen, M Ammel; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: T Dawson, B Dunlop; University of Calgary: O Suchowersky, L Derwent; University of Southern California: MF Lew, M Villa; Georgia Health Sciences University: K Sethi, B Dill, S Narayan; Barrow Neurological Institute: R Burns, L Marlor; University of Alabama: RL Watts, R McMurray; Brigham & Women’s Hospital: L Sudarsky, G Hage; The Parkinson’s & Movement Disorder Institute: D Truong, AH Tran, M Tran; University of California San Francisco: MJ Aminoff, J Roth; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: DK Simon, L Scollins, L Paul, P Rose; Northwestern University: T Simuni, K Williams; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center: R Dewey, B Hayward, A Johnson, A Gode; University of Colorado Health Sciences Center: M Leehey, J Bainbridge; Duke University Medical Center: B Scott, J Field; LSU Health Science Center Shreveport: R Zweig, C Hilliard; SUNY Downstate Medical Center: I Bodis-Wollner, S Glazman; University of Vermont: R Hamill, C Homan, S Lennox, C Potter; Southern Illinois University: R Elble, C Young, B Lokaitis, D Kelly; Pacific Health Research & Education Institute: GW Ross, S Terashita; Thomas Jefferson University: J Schneider, S Sendek; Thomas Jefferson University/Llankenau Hospital: S Gollomp, R Gollomp, S Raza; Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center: DJ Coffey, PR Leblanc; University of Kentucky: F Cambi, R Wagner; Medical University of South Carolina: K Bergman, V Hinson, V Salak; LSU Medical Center: J Rao, M Cook.
CorePD Investigators and Coordinators
Columbia University: RN Alcalay, E Caccappolo, H Mejia-Santana, M-X Tang, L Rosado, MO Reilly, D Ruiz, B Ross, M Verbitsky, S Kisselev, ED Louis, H Andrews, C Waters, S Fahn, L Cote, S Frucht, B Ford, R Ottman, LN Clark; Rush University: C Comella; University of Pennsylvania: A Colcher, A Siderowf; Institute of Neurodegenerative Disorders: D Jennings; Park Nicollet Clinic: M Nance; Beth Israel: S Bressman; University of Miami: WK Scott; Parkinson’s Institute: C Tanner; Marshfield Clinic: S Mickel; Neuroscience Institute at Central DuPage Hospital: M Rezak; Northwestern University: K Novak; Butler Hospital: JH Friedman; University of Tennessee: R Pfeiffer; Johns Hopkins University: L Marsh; Medical College of Wisconsin: B Hiner.
LOAD Investigators and Coordinators
The following investigators and Alzheimer’s Disease Centers participated in the Study: Boston University: R Green, N Kowall, L Farrer; Columbia University: J Williamson, V Santana; Duke University: D Schmechel, P Gaskell, K Welsh-Bohmer, M Pericak-Vance; Indiana University: B Ghetti, MR Farlow, K Horner; Massachusetts General Hospital JH Growdon, D Blacker, RE Tanzi, BT Hyman; Mayo Clinic-Rochester: B Boeve, K Kuntz, L Norgaard, N Larson; Mayo Clinic-Jacksonville: D Kistler, F Parfitt, J Haddwow; Mount Sinai School of Medicine: J Silverman, M Schnaider Beeri, M Sano, J Wang, R Lally; Northwestern University: N Johnson, M Mesulum, S Weintraub, E Bigio; Oregon Health and Science University: J Kaye, P Kramer, J Payne-Murphy; Rush University: D Bennett, H Jacobs, J-S Chang, D Arends; University of Alabama at Birmingham: L Harrell; University of California, Los Angeles: G Bartzokis, J Cummings, PH Lu, U Toland; University of Kentucky: W Markesbery, C Smith, A Brickhouse; University of Pennsylvania: J Trojanowski, V Van Deerlin, EM Wood; University of Pittsburgh: S DeKosky, R Sweet, E Weamer; University of Southern California: IH Chui, A Varpetian; University of Texas Southwestern: R Diaz-Arrastia, R Rosenberg, B Davis; University of Washington: T Bird, M Rumbaugh, GD Schellenberg, M Raskind; Washington University at St Louis: A Goate, JMorris, J Norton, D Levitch, B Grant, M Coats.
DATATOP Investigators and Coordinators
Participating Investigators -- University of Kansas: W Koller; University of South Florida: CW Olanow; University of Iowa: R Rodnitzky; Massachusetts General Hospital: JS Fink, JH Growdon; Ohio State University: G Paulson; University of Rochester: R Kurlan; Roger Williams General Hospital: JH Friedman; Oregon Health Sciences University: S Gancher, J Nutt; University of Saskatchewan: AH Rajput; University of Virginia: JB Bennett, GF Wooten; Sinai Hospital, Detroit: P LeWitt; Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke’s Medical Center: C Goetz, C Tanner, K Shannon; University of Calgary: O Suchowersky; Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center: MF Brin, SB Bressman; University of Miami: WJ Weiner and J Sanchez-Ramos; Baylor College of Medicine: J Jankovic; University of Michigan: JB Penney; Toronto Hospital: A Lang; St Luke’s Hospital, Denver: M Hoehn; California Parkinson’s Foundation: JTetrud; Ottawa Civic Hospital: JD Grimes; University of Nebraska: R Pfeiffer; University of California, SanDiego: C Shults (deceased), L Thal; Montreal General Hospital-McGill University: S Gauthier; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School: LI Golbe; Washington University, St Louis: JS Perlmutter; Johns Hopkins University: H Moses III, SG Reich; Graduate Hospital and University of Pennsylvania: HI Hurtig, M Stern.
Site Coordinators -- R Barter and B Vetere-Overfield, Kansas City, Kans; L Gauger and T Malapira, Tampa, Fla; J Dobson, Iowa City, Iowa; S Atamian, M Tennis, JB Cohen, G Desclos, and E Hoffman, Boston; L Denio, S Huber, T Woike, K Zoog, R Mendell, and K Dudte, Columbus, Ohio; J Behr, IF Gardiner, Rochester, NY; M Lannon, Providence, RI; J Carter andS Northrup, Portland, Oreg; B Kanigan, Saskatoon, Sask; M Turk and E Landow, Charlottesville, Va; P Schlick andK Mistura, Detroit; VS Carroll and JA Thelen, Chicago; C Demong, Calgary, Alta.; L Winfield and C Moskowitz, New York; A Ingenito, C Sheldon, and L Cornelius, Miami; D Heibergand C Dunne, Houston; J Brady, Ann Arbor, Mich; C Kierans, L Belle-Scantlebury, and J Duff, Toronto; H Weber, Denver; D Savoini, P Lewis, and SJ Kutner, San Jose, Calif; PGray, Ottawa; C Glaeske and R Hofman, Omaha, Neb; MM Payand D Salmon, San Diego, Calif; F McFaul and D Amyot, Montreal; M Bergen, New Brunswick, NJ; L McGee-Minnich, St Louis; P O’Donnell, Baltimore; and S Ferrise and K Shallow, Philadelphia.
Coordination and Data Center -- University of Rochester Medical Center: RM Pelusio (program manager); A Rudolph (senior study coordinator); C Miller (nurse clinician); M Linsner, J Connorton, J Nusbaum, and C Casaceli (analyst-programmers); C Irvine, C Orme, and GJ Wixsom (information analysts); M Schirazi, J Sotack, and H Randolph (data-control clerks); R Nobel, D Baker, D LaDonna, ME Rothfuss, L Doerr (deceased), L Rumfola, and B Kavanaugh (secretarial staff); and J Wendel (CLINFO manager).
Biostatistics Center -- Department of Biostatistics, University of Rochester Medical Center: C Odoroff (deceased)and D Oakes (chief biostatisticians); M McDermott and S Eberly(biostatisticians); S Plumb (lead programmer); and A Watts, L Yorkey, A Choi, and K Gerwitz (analyst-programmers).
Pharmacy Center -- Strong Memorial Hospital: P Evans (chief pharmacist); and L Dellapena and V Singletary(pharmacy technicians).
Safety Monitoring Committee -- R Herndon (chair, January 1,1987, to June 30, 1988), Portland, Oreg; P Tariot (chair, July 1, 1988, to present), Rochester, NY; and E Bell, RC Griggs, and WJ Hall, Rochester, NY.
Scientific Advisory Committee -- CD Marsden (chair), London; TN Chase, Bethesda; G Cohen, J Fleiss, and R Mayeux, New York; L Jacobs and AJ Moss, Rochester, NY; and E Melamed, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Assay Standards Committee -- R Roth (chair), New Haven CT; M Galloway, Detroit; I Irwin, San Jose CA; P LeWitt, Detroit; and G Vatassery, Minneapolis.
Neuropsychological Testing Committee -- P Como (chair), Rochester, NY; J St Cyr, Toronto; Y Stern and J Williams, New York; and R Wilson, Chicago.
Monitoring Committee, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke -- EM Stadlan (chair), Bethesda; M Alter, Philadelphia; K Bergmann, New Hyde Park, NY; J Cedarbaum, White Plains, NY; J Ellenberg, Bethesda; and R Kibler, Atlanta.
CSF Assay Center -- Lafayette Clinic, Wayne State University: M.P. Galloway (director); M. Kaplan (deceased), R. Lodhi, M.J. Keegan, B. Matthews, E.A. Novak.
Deprenyl Metabolites Assay Center -- Institute for Medical Research, San Jose CA: I. Irwin (director).
Tocopherol Assay Center -- Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center, Bronx, NY: E. Norkus (director).
Specimen Repository -- Department of Neurology, University of Rochester: D Flood (director), T McNeill, N Harary, L Koek.
Laboratory Surveillance Testing -- SciCor Laboratories, Indianapolis: RL Creveling (director).
Massachusetts General Hospital Investigators and coordinators
JR Mazzulli, G Bwala
Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center Biomarker Study (HBS)
Investigators and study coordinators -- Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center: CR Scherzer, BT Hyman, AJ Ivinson, NE Maher, AK Sarokhan, KC Lockhart, A Santarlasci; Brigham and Women’s Hospital: LR Sudarsky, MT Hayes, E Hart; Massachusetts General Hospital: JH Growdon, MA Schwarzschild, AY Hung, AW Flaherty, D Blacker, A-M Wills, US Sohur, VK Unni, NI Mejia, A Viswanathan, SN Gomperts, MW Albers, KE Swords, RK Rudel, JT Hirschberger; OA Padilla; University of Ottawa: M Schlossmacher; Harvard School of Public Health: A Ascherio; Biogen Idec: BM Ravina;
Data coordination staff -- Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center: B Khadka, OA Padilla, B Zheng, JJ Locascio;
Biobank management staff -- Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center: SS Roderick, CG Kan, Z Liao.
SEARCH Steering Committee Members
CM Tanner, GW Ross, RD Abbott, JW Langston.
Enrolling Institutions, Investigators and Coordinators (listed by number of exams contributed) -- The Parkinson’s Institute, Sunnyvale, CA: CM Tanner, D Roucoux, S Yerabati, A Smith; University of South Florida, Tampa, FL: RA Hauser, D Delaney, SC Wolfrath, J Nemeth, T Mclain; Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX: J Jankovic, C Hunter, L Shinawi, KR Flores; Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA: SA Factor, C Ingram; Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY: S Bressman, A Deligtisch, K Boyar, A Wolff; Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada: C Marras, M Enjati; University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KA: K Lyons, C Mack, A Langhammer, T Gales; Veterans Affairs Pacific Islands Health Care System, Honolulu, HI: GW Ross, FK Wakashige.
Parkinson’s Institute Coordination, Interviewer and Analytic Staff -- M Lu, K Comyns, M Korell, L Sterling, R VanVeghten, M Padua, J Wright, B Allred, L Bushman, M Bynum, C Cage, A Carroll, M Chang, R Cook, E Ferriter, M Franco, K Gorman, M Kemp, S Knutson, S Lavoie, E Mills, C Nguyen, P Niedle, J Pia, B Priestley, V Sims, JA Soetmelk, B Song, B Stang, M Staver, A Stover.