Hepatitis C virus has been considered to be one of the most potential pathogens that have hindered the medical community all over the world. Indeed, since its discovery in 1989, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been recognized as a major cause of chronic liver disease worldwide and due to the surpassing hepatitis B virus [1
]. The data reported by WHO estimated that the prevalence of HCV infection is 2.2%, and more than one million new cases were reported annually. Furthermore, an estimated 27% of cirrhosis and 25% of hepato-cellular carcinomas (HCC) worldwide occur in HCV-infected people [2
]. Such infection increases tremendously among the developing countries particularly at those categories that were considered to be at a potential risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus.
Arabian compound states are composed of unique geography being the central and transcross of the world. It is composed of more than nineteen countries with more than 350 million; they all speak the same language and mostly they have the same heritage and customs. Indeed it is the whole site of east and south of the Mediterranean basin up to the Atlantic cost in the west and Persian gulf and Indian Ocean south east. The African region is composed of the whole north African countries which are composed of approximately 23% of Africa, though the Asian region composed most of the north west of Asia and composed around 10% of Asia. Such area has over 30% of the world oil revenue, and most of them enjoy great wealth and prosperous capital.
The global epidemiology of HCV varies greatly allover the world, and different studies have shown such variations. Hepatitis C virus was found to be endemic in certain countries, and different studies have confirmed such endemicity [3
]. It is important to consider the shortcoming of regional studies are in Arab world. Most of the epidemiological studies carried out individually based upon seroprevalence of HCV among specific groups. These include blood donors, heath care workers, or patients undergoing haemodialysis. Such studies were not representative of the community, they were usually carried out by independent scientists. Even though, some countries lack such studies.
Nowadays, HCV is responsible for infecting over 20 million in Arab countries, and without immediate and effective intervention, that number is predicted to increase tremendously in the next two decades. The objectives of this paper were to analyze the status of HCV epidemiology among the Arab countries and its variation accordingly and to highlight the future consequences and how to overcome the implications of such infection.