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Logo of bmcmeduBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Medical Education
 
BMC Med Educ. 2012; 12: 18.
Published online Mar 30, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1472-6920-12-18
PMCID: PMC3353831
Acceptance of technology-enhanced learning for a theoretical radiological science course: a randomized controlled trial
Emeka Nkenke,corresponding author1 Elefterios Vairaktaris,2 Anne Bauersachs,1 Stephan Eitner,3 Alexander Budach,1 Christoph Knipfer,1 and Florian Stelzle1
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, Germany
2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Athens Medical School, Attikon Hospital, Athens, Greece
3Department of Prosthodontics, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, Germany
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Emeka Nkenke: Emeka.nkenke/at/uk-erlangen.de; Elefterios Vairaktaris: levair/at/otenet.gr; Anne Bauersachs: anne.bauersachs/at/uk-erlangen.de; Stephan Eitner: Stephan.eitner/at/uk-erlangen.de; Alexander Budach: Alexander.budach/at/gmx.de; Christoph Knipfer: christoph.knipfer/at/uk-erlangen.de; Florian Stelzle: florian.stelzle/at/uk-erlangen.de
Received August 23, 2011; Accepted March 30, 2012.
Abstract
Background
Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) gives a view to improved education. However, there is a need to clarify how TEL can be used effectively. The study compared students' attitudes and opinions towards a traditional face-to-face course on theoretical radiological science and a TEL course where students could combine face-to-face lectures and e-learning modules at their best convenience.
Methods
42 third-year dental students were randomly assigned to the traditional face-to-face group and the TEL group. Both groups completed questionnaires before the beginning and after completion of the course on attitudes and opinions towards a traditional face-to-face lectures and technology-enhanced learning. After completion of the course both groups also filled in the validated German-language TRIL (Trierer Inventar zur Lehrevaluation) questionnaire for the evaluation of courses given at universities.
Results
Both groups had a positive attitude towards e-learning that did not change over time. The TEL group attended significantly less face-to-face lectures than the traditional group. However, both groups stated that face-to-face lectures were the basis for education in a theoretical radiological science course.
The members of the TEL group rated e-mail reminders significantly more important when they filled in the questionnaire on attitudes and opinions towards a traditional face-to-face lectures and technology-enhanced learning for the second time after completion of the course.
The members of the technology-enhanced learning group were significantly less confident in passing the exam compared to the members of the traditional group. However, examination results did not differ significantly for traditional and the TEL group.
Conclusions
It seems that technology-enhanced learning in a theoretical radiological science course has the potential to reduce the need for face-to-face lectures. At the same time examination results are not impaired. However, technology-enhanced learning cannot completely replace traditional face-to-face lectures, because students indicate that they consider traditional teaching as the basis of their education.
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