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Logo of bmcvetresBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Veterinary Research
BMC Vet Res. 2012; 8: 23.
Published online Mar 8, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1746-6148-8-23
PMCID: PMC3349563
NLRC5 knockdown in chicken macrophages alters response to LPS and poly (I:C) stimulation
Ling Lian,1,2 Ceren Ciraci,1 Guobin Chang,1,3 Jingdong Hu,1,4 and Susan J Lamontcorresponding author1
1Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, MOA Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
3College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225009, China
4College of Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong 271018, China
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Ling Lian: lianlinglara/at/; Ceren Ciraci: cerenciraci/at/; Guobin Chang: passioncgb/at/; Jingdong Hu: hjd1968/at/; Susan J Lamont: sjlamont/at/
Received August 24, 2011; Accepted March 8, 2012.
NLRC5 is a member of the CARD domain containing, nucleotide-binding oligomerization (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family, which recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiates an innate immune response leading to inflammation and/or cell death. However, the specific role of NLRC5 as a modulator of the inflammatory immune response remains controversial. It has been reported to be a mediator of type I IFNs, NF-kB, and MHC class I gene. But no study on NLRC5 function has been reported to date in chickens. In the current study, we investigated the role of NLRC5 in the regulation of IFNA, IFNB, IL-6, and MHC class I in the chicken HD11 macrophage cell line, by using RNAi technology. HD11 cells were transfected with one of five siRNAs (s1, s2, s3, negative-siRNA, or a mixture of s1, s2, s3-siRNAs). After 24 hours, cells were exposed to LPS or poly (I:C) or a vehicle control. Gene expression of NLRC5, IFNA, IFNB, IL-6, and MHC class I at 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours post stimulation (hps) was quantified by qPCR.
The expression of NLRC5, IFNA, IFNB, and IL-6 genes in negative irrelevant transfection controls was up-regulated at 2 hps after LPS treatment compared to the vehicle controls. S3-siRNA effectively knocked down NLRC5 expression at 4 hps, and the expression of IFNA and IFNB (but not IL-6 and MHC class I) was also down-regulated at 4 hps in s3-siRNA transfected cells, compared to negative irrelevant transfection controls. Stimulation by LPS appeared to relatively restore the decrease in NLRC5, IFNA, and IFNB expression, but the difference is not significant.
Functional characterization of chicken NLRC5 in an in vitro system demonstrated its importance in regulating intracellular molecules involved in inflammatory response. The knockdown of NLRC5 expression negatively mediates gene expression of IFNA and IFNB in the chicken HD11 cell line; therefore, NLRC5 likely has a role in positive regulation of IFNA and IFNB expression. No direct relationship was found between NLRC5 knockdown and IL-6 and MHC class I expression. Future studies will further clarify the roles of NLRC5 and other NLRs in infectious diseases of chickens and may increase the efficacy of antiviral vaccine design.
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