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Logo of bmcpmBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Pulmonary Medicine
 
BMC Pulm Med. 2012; 12: 10.
Published online Mar 21, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1471-2466-12-10
PMCID: PMC3337807
The effect of obesity on spirometry tests among healthy non-smoking adults
Mohammed Al Ghobaincorresponding author1
1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, P.O. Box 90068 11321, Saudi Arabia
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Mohammed Al Ghobain: alanezi/at/hotmail.com
Received June 18, 2011; Accepted March 21, 2012.
Abstract
Introduction
The effects of obesity on pulmonary functions have not been addressed previously among Saudi population. We aim to study the effects of obesity on spirometry tests among healthy non-smoking adults.
Methods
A cross sectional study conducted among volunteers healthy non-smoking adults Subjects. We divided the subjects into two groups according to their BMI. The first group consisted of non-obese subjects with BMI of 18 to 24.9 kg/m2 and the second group consisted of obese subjects with BMI of 30 kg/m2 and above. Subjects underwent spirometry tests according to American thoracic society standards with measurement of the following values: the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) and forced mid-expiratory flow (FEF25-75).
Results
The total subjects were 294 with a mean age of 32 years. There were 178 males and 116 females subjects. We found no significant differences in FEV1 (p value = 0.686), FVC (p value = 0.733), FEV1/FVC Ratio (p value = 0.197) and FEF25-75 (p value = 0.693) between the obese and non-obese subjects. However, there was significantly difference in PEF between the two groups (p value < 0.020).
Conclusion
Obesity does not have effect on the spirometry tests (except PEF) among health non-smoking adults. We recommend searching for alternative diagnosis in case of findings abnormal spirometry tests results among obese subjects.
Keywords: obesity, spirometry, Saudi Arabia
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