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BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 100.
Published online Feb 5, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1471-2458-12-100
PMCID: PMC3313872
Low back pain in 17 year olds has substantial impact and represents an important public health disorder: a cross-sectional study
Peter B O'Sullivan,1,2 Darren J Beales,1 Anne J Smith,1,2 and Leon M Strakercorresponding author1,2
1School of Physiotherapy and Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Perth, Australia
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Peter B O'Sullivan: P.OSullivan/at/curtin.edu.au; Darren J Beales: D.Beales/at/curtin.edu.au; Anne J Smith: Anne.Smith/at/exchange.curtin.edu.au; Leon M Straker: L.Straker/at/curtin.edu.au
Received October 5, 2011; Accepted February 5, 2012.
Abstract
Background
Prevalence of low back pain (LBP) rises rapidly during adolescence, reaching adult levels by the age of 18. It has been suggested that adolescent LBP is benign with minimal impact, despite limited evidence.
Methods
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of LBP and the influence of chronicity, gender and presence of other spinal pain comorbidities at age 17. Subjects (n = 1283) were categorised according to experiencing current and chronic LBP, gender and presence of other areas of spinal pain. LBP impact was ascertained via questions regarding seeking professional assistance, using medication, missing school/work, limited normal or recreational physical activity and health related quality of life (HRQOL).
Results
12.3% of participants reported current but not chronic LBP, while 19.9% reported current chronic LBP. LBP was more commonly reported by females than males. Other spinal pain comorbidities were common in the LBP groups. Impact was greater in subjects with chronic LBP, in females and in those with other spinal pain comorbidities.
Conclusion
LBP, and particularly chronic LBP, has a significant negative impact at 17 years. It is commonly associated with care seeking, medication use, school absenteeism, and reduced HRQOL. These findings support that adolescent LBP is an important public health issue that requires attention.
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