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BMC Cancer. 2012; 12: 65.
Published online Feb 10, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1471-2407-12-65
PMCID: PMC3299656
PINCH is an independent prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients without preoperative radiotherapy - a study in a Swedish rectal cancer trial of preoperative radiotherapy
Annica Holmqvist,corresponding author1 Jingfang Gao,1 Birgitta Holmlund,1 Gunnar Adell,1 John Carstensen,2 Dianne Langford,3 and Xiao-Feng Sun1
1Department of Medical Oncology, Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, S-58185 Linköping, Sweden
2Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
3Department of Neuroscience, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Annica Holmqvist: annica.holmqvist/at/lio.se; Jingfang Gao: jingfang.gao/at/obgyn.gu.se; Birgitta Holmlund: birgitta.holmlund/at/lio.se; Gunnar Adell: gunnar.adell/at/karolinska.se; John Carstensen: johca/at/ihs.liu.se; Dianne Langford: tdl/at/temple.edu; Xiao-Feng Sun: xiao-feng.sun/at/liu.se
Received August 26, 2011; Accepted February 10, 2012.
Abstract
Background
The clinical significance between particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine rich protein (PINCH) expression and radiotherapy (RT) in tumours is not known. In this study, the expression of PINCH and its relationship to RT, clinical, pathological and biological factors were studied in rectal cancer patients.
Methods
PINCH expression determined by immunohistochemistry was analysed at the invasive margin and inner tumour area in 137 primary rectal adenocarcinomas (72 cases without RT and 65 cases with RT). PINCH expression in colon fibroblast cell line (CCD-18 Co) was determined by western blot.
Results
In patients without RT, strong PINCH expression at the invasive margin of primary tumours was related to worse survival, compared to patients with weak expression, independent of TNM stage and differentiation (P = 0.03). No survival relationship in patients with RT was observed (P = 0.64). Comparing the non-RT with RT subgroup, there was no difference in PINCH expression in primary tumours (invasive margin (P = 0.68)/inner tumour area (P = 0.49). In patients with RT, strong PINCH expression was related to a higher grade of LVD (lymphatic vessel density) (P = 0.01)
Conclusions
PINCH expression at the invasive margin was an independent prognostic factor in patients without RT. RT does not seem to directly affect the PINCH expression.
Keywords: PINCH, Radiotherapy, Prognosis, Rectal cancer, Immunohistochemistry
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