The sample sizes ranged from 421 for Japanese Americans to 1285 for Chinese Americans (); there were 27,400 non-Hispanic whites in the comparison group. When using standard BMI categories, Asian Americans are significantly less likely to be overweight or obese than non-Hispanic whites (men 45% versus 64%, women 22% versus 43%). When using the proposed Asian-specific categories for the Asian American groups, 67% of Asian American men and 41% of Asian American women are categorized as increased or high risk, which was similar to the percentage categorized as overweight or obese among non-Hispanic whites. Japanese and Filipino American men had the highest proportion of increased/high risk individuals, followed by Korean, Chinese and Vietnamese American men. Among women, Filipino Americans had a significantly higher proportion of increased/high risk individuals than all other Asian American groups.
Body mass index (BMI) based on self-reported weight and height in five Asian American subgroups and non-Hispanic whites, using standard and Asian-specific BMI categories (2005 California Health Interview Survey data)
displays self-reported physical activity. The five Asian American groups combined were significantly more likely to walk for transportation than non-Hispanic whites, with highest percentages of walking for transportation reported by Vietnamese Americans and the lowest percentage among Japanese Americans. Several statistically significant differences were found among the Asian American subgroups. With respect to walking for fun, moderate physical activity and hard or vigorous exercise, the five Asian American subgroups combined reported lower levels of physical activity than non-Hispanic whites. Vietnamese and Japanese Americans reported the highest prevalence of walking for fun, while Chinese American reported the lowest prevalence. Vietnamese and Filipino American men reported the highest prevalence of moderate physical activity (but a lower prevalence than non-Hispanic White men), while Chinese American men and women and Vietnamese American women reported the lowest prevalences. There was little variation in the prevalence of hard or vigorous exercise among the Asian American subgroups.
Self-reported physical activities for at least 10 minutes in the past 7 days in five Asian American subgroups and non-Hispanic whites (2005 California Health Interview Survey data)
displays self-reported food and alcohol intake and smoking. The five Asian American groups combined reported a lower prevalence of consuming 5 or more fruit and vegetables per day than non-Hispanic whites. Korean and Vietnamese American men reported the highest prevalence and Korean, Filipino and Vietnamese American women the lowest prevalence. Binge drinking in the past 30 days was reported by fewer Asian Americans than non-Hispanic whites, and there were large variations among Asian American subgroups, ranging from 8% among Chinese American men to 23% among Filipino American men, and from 3% among Chinese American women to 15% to Japanese American women. Smoking prevalence, on the other hand, was significantly higher among Asian American men than among non-Hispanic white men, but lower among Asian American women than among non-Hispanic white women. The highest smoking prevalences were reported by Korean, Vietnamese and Filipino American men and Japanese and Filipino American women, and the lowest by Chinese and Japanese American men and Chinese and Filipino American women.
Self-reported health risk behaviors in five Asian American subgroups and non-Hispanic whites (2005 California Health Interview Survey data)