PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of behbrainBioMed CentralBiomed Central Web Sitesearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBehavioral and Brain Functions : BBFJournal Front Page
 
Behav Brain Funct. 2012; 8: 2.
Published online Jan 6, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1744-9081-8-2
PMCID: PMC3275478
Further evidence for a male-selective genetic association of synapse-associated protein 97 (SAP97) gene with schizophrenia
Akihito Uezato,#1,2,3 Junko Kimura-Sato,#1 Naoki Yamamoto,1 Yoshimi Iijima,4 Hiroshi Kunugi,4 and Toru Nishikawacorresponding author1
1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
2Department of Sleep Modulatory Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
4Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1, Ogawahigashimachi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502, Japan
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
#Contributed equally.
Akihito Uezato: uezapsyc/at/tmd.ac.jp; Junko Kimura-Sato: jun76210/at/msn.com; Naoki Yamamoto: n_yamamoto.psyc/at/tmd.ac.jp; Yoshimi Iijima: yiijima/at/md.tsukuba.ac.jp; Hiroshi Kunugi: hkunugi/at/ncnp.go.jp; Toru Nishikawa: tnis.psyc/at/tmd.ac.jp
Received June 19, 2011; Accepted January 6, 2012.
Abstract
Background
The synapse-associated protein 97 gene (SAP97) encodes a regulatory scaffold protein for the localization of L-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), kainate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptors. We have recently demonstrated nominally significant associations between SAP97 gene and schizophrenia among Japanese males. The present study aimed to replicate these findings using an independent and larger sample.
Methods
We investigated seven SAP97 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that displayed a significant association with schizophrenia in our preceding study in an independent Japanese population consisting of a total of 393 unrelated patients with schizophrenia (232 males and 161 females) and 393 unrelated control subjects (211 males and 182 females).
Results
The SNP rs9843659 showed a significant genotypic association with male patients in a recessive model (p = 0.037). The analysis of the combined data from the current and prior studies also demonstrated a significant association of this SNP (p = 0.0039). The meta-analysis for the allele frequency covering the two studies yielded an odds ratio of 1.38.
Conclusions
The present study replicated the previously reported male-selective genetic association between the SAP97 polymorphism and schizophrenia. These findings further support the possible involvement of the SAP97 gene variation in the susceptibility to schizophrenia in males and in the genetic basis for sex differences in the disorder.
Keywords: Schizophrenia, genetic association, single nucleotide polymorphisms, synapse-associated protein, scaffolding protein, SAP97, gender selective, glutamate
Articles from Behavioral and Brain Functions : BBF are provided here courtesy of
BioMed Central