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Logo of bmcorhlBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Oral Health
 
BMC Oral Health. 2012; 12: 1.
Published online Jan 3, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1472-6831-12-1
PMCID: PMC3271955
Prevalence and risk indicators of gingivitis and periodontitis in a Multi-Centre study in North Jordan: a cross sectional study
Khansa Taha Ababneh,corresponding author1 Zafer Mohammad Faisal Abu Hwaij,1 and Yousef S Khader2
1Periodontology, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
2Community Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Khansa Taha Ababneh: KTAbabneh/at/hotmail.com; Zafer Mohammad Faisal Abu Hwaij: dr_zafer79/at/yahoo.com; Yousef S Khader: yousef.k/at/excite.com
Received April 12, 2011; Accepted January 3, 2012.
Abstract
Background
There are limited data about the epidemiology and risk factors/indicators of gingivitis, aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and chronic periodontitis (CP) in Jordan. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk indicators of gingivitis, AgP and CP.
Methods
A sample of 595 subjects was randomly selected from subjects escorting out-patients attending a Medical Center, a Dental Teaching Hospital, and 2 private dental clinics. The socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene habits, income, smoking and Body Mass Index (BMI) were recorded. Full mouth periodontal examination was performed, and radiographs were taken for sites with probing depth > 3 mm.
Results
About 76% had gingivitis, 2.2% had AgP and 5.5% had CP. Periodontitis was more frequent among males than females with a M: F ratio of 1.6:1 and the prevalence increased with age. Subjects who reported not using a tooth brush, smokers and subjects with BMI > 30 kg/m2 had significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis. The risk for periodontitis was greater among subjects who reported positive family history and subjects with ≤ 12 years of education.
Conclusions
This is the first study to report on the prevalence of gingivitis, CP and AgP in North Jordanian. Age, low education, low frequency of tooth brushing and family history were significantly associated with increased risk of periodontitis.
Keywords: Prevalence, Odds Ratio, Aggressive Periodontitis, Chronic Periodontitis, Gingivitis, Jordan
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