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From:
Published online 2011 February 18. doi: 10.1080/00273171.2011.540480

TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics of the Study Sample

VariableNo Smoking Cessation Counseling (N = 754)Smoking Cessation Counseling (N = 1,588)Overall Sample (N = 2,342)Standardized Difference of the Meanp Value
Demographic Characteristics
Age60.48 ± 13.2656.24 ± 11.2657.61 ± 12.100.35< .001
Female220 (29.2%)397 (25.0%)617 (26.3%)0.09.032

Presenting Signs and Symptoms
Acute pulmonary edema34 (4.5%)48 (3.0%)82 (3.5%)0.08.067

Vital Signs on Admission
Systolic blood pressure146.99 ± 31.82146.93 ± 29.92146.95 ± 30.530.00.966
Diastolic blood pressure84.81 ± 18.9985.84 ± 18.5185.50 ± 18.670.06.213
Heart rate83.28 ± 22.7581.10 ± 22.5481.80 ± 22.630.10.029
Respiratory rate21.18 ± 5.7520.18 ± 4.6420.50 ± 5.050.20< .001

Classic Cardiac Risk Factors
Diabetes179 (23.7%)260 (16.4%)439 (18.7%)0.19< .001
Hyperlipidemia238 (31.6%)539 (33.9%)777 (33.2%)0.05.254
Hypertension295 (39.1%)541 (34.1%)836 (35.7%)0.11.017
Family history of coronary artery disease253 (33.6%)754 (47.5%)1,007 (43.0%)0.28< .001

Comorbid Conditions and Vascular History
Cerebrovascular accident/Transient ischemic attack62 (8.2%)67 (4.2%)129 (5.5%)0.18< .001
Angina198 (26.3%)412 (25.9%)610 (26.0%)0.01.871
Cancer22 (2.9%)20 (1.3%)42 (1.8%)0.13.005
Dementia21 (2.8%)6 (0.4%)27 (1.2%)0.23< .001
Previous myocardial infarction161 (21.4%)241 (15.2%)402 (17.2%)0.16< .001
Asthma40 (5.3%)98 (6.2%)138 (5.9%)0.04.406
Depression76 (10.1%)131 (8.2%)207 (8.8%)0.06.145
Peptic ulcer disease39 (5.2%)111 (7.0%)150 (6.4%)0.07.093
Peripheral vascular disease77 (10.2%)90 (5.7%)167 (7.1%)0.18< .001
Previous coronary revascularization50 (6.6%)92 (5.8%)142 (6.1%)0.04.427
Chronic congestive heart failure24 (3.2%)24 (1.5%)48 (2.0%)0.12.008

Laboratory Tests
Glucose9.35 ± 5.638.57 ± 4.798.82 ± 5.090.15< .001
White blood count11.01 ± 4.4910.77 ± 3.5510.85 ± 3.880.06.171
Hemoglobin141.71 ± 19.33145.83 ± 15.47144.50 ± 16.920.24< .001
Sodium138.75 ± 4.54139.40 ± 3.32139.19 ± 3.770.17< .001
Potassium4.10 ± 0.584.01 ± 0.494.04 ± 0.520.16< .001
Creatinine99.59 ± 62.8689.24 ± 30.2492.57 ± 43.750.24< .001

Prescriptions for Cardiovascular Medications at Hospital Discharge
Statin193 (25.6%)637 (40.1%)830 (35.4%)0.31< .001
Beta-blocker460 (61.0%)1,192 (75.1%)1,652 (70.5%)0.31< .001
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor/Angiotensin receptor blockers344 (45.6%)850 (53.5%)1,194 (51.0%)0.16< .001
Plavix29 (3.8%)74 (4.7%)103 (4.4%)0.04.37
Acetylsalicyclic Acid (ASA)544 (72.1%)1,341 (84.4%)1,885 (80.5%)0.31< .001

Note. Continuous variables are presented as means ± standard deviation; dichotomous variables are presented as N (%).