- SANGUINE TEMPERAMENT (dam/ cold and moist)
Identification: They have oval face and head moderate frame with more muscular tissues than fat, joints are well formed and prominent, and hairs of head are thick and luxuriant. They are pleasantly warm to touch. They have good appetite, balanced and sound sleep, and good faculty of judgement. An optimistic positive mental outlook, they are persuasive extrovert, have good social skills. They have romantic nature, like to travel, play games and distractions, confident, poised, graceful and enthusiastic. In order to remain healthy, they should adopt the following lifestyle factors:
Air: Avoid staying for long in hot and moist air. They can tolerate cold easily.
Food and Drinks: They should preferably drink cold water and avoid excessive sugar, rich fatty foods and meat consumption. Moderation in eating habits is essential to avoid the mal-nourishment of the body.
Physical Activity: Inadequate rest and strenuous activities should be avoided. Light weight training and aerobics for 15-20 minutes are suitable for this temperament.
Sleep and Wakefulness: 6–7 hour of sound sleep is essential, taking sleep more than 8 hours will be harmful.
Emotions and Feelings: Excessive excitement, worry, anger or emotional excesses for kind of temperament should be avoided, deep and breathing exercise is beneficial.
Retention of fluids and Evacuation of wastes: High fibre in diet in order to maintain regular bowel habits is essential, increase water intake in order to maintain regular functioning of kidney. Cupping or donating blood twice a year (preferably in spring or summer) is recommended.
Imbalance predisposes them to diseases like uraemia, gout, diabetes, high cholesterol, reduced intestinal motility, respiratory catarrh, asthma, genito-urinary disorders hypersensitivity, and capillary congestion.
- CHOLERIC TEMPERAMENT (safra /hot and moist)
Identification: They have sharp angular features, broad jaw, medium/lean built with flushed complexion, brilliant penetrating eyes, prominent veins, light coloured hairs, often curly and thin, good digestion, sharp and quick appetite. Restless and disturbed sleep, often tend to wake up early or in the middle of the night. They are bold, daring, and dominant and have brilliant intellect but they are impatient, irritable, and short tempered. Often they turned into fearless and rebellious leaders.
Air: Increase in the temperature of air affects them the most, exposure to sun or hot climate should be avoided. They should live in cool, fresh and properly ventilated environment.
Food and Water: They should avoid salt, salty foods, fats, fried foods, vinegar, sour or fermented foods, excessive hot spices, chillies, excessive beef and red meat and should include milk and dairy products and ice cold drinks in their diet.
Physical Activity: They should avoid excessive movement and strenuous exercise, time of exercise should be early in the morning or late in the evening.
Sleep and Wakefulness : A good night sleep for 6-8 hours is essential for such type of temperament as it is hard to get sleep, forty-five minutes rest after lunch is also beneficial.
Emotions and Feelings: Extreme emotions of anger, irritability, excessive talkativeness, and suppression of anger are emotional extremes for this kind of temperament.
Retention of Fluids and Evacuation of Wastes: Drink plenty of water in order to eliminate heat and toxins, laxatives are also beneficial.
Imbalance predisposes them to fevers, infections, rashes, urticaria, hyperacidity, headaches, migraines, eyestrain, hypertension, stress, and cardiovascular disorders.
- PHLEGMATIC (phlegm / cold and moist)
Identification : They have round face with full cheeks, large moist eyes, have medium to large frame, more fatty tissue than muscular tissue , bones are well covered. Veins are less visible, plump and they have delicate soft skin. They are calm, have sentimental subjective thinking, emotional, sensitive, tends to be religious, their mind is foggy, and slow.
Air: Cold air negatively affects them hence air conditioners and cold and wet environment should be avoided.
Food and Drinks: Milk and dairy products, cheese, refined sugar and starches, glutinous foods like wheat and flour cold foods, ice-cold foods, and drinks, creamy rich foods should be avoided. But they can easily digest meat, hot and spicy foods even in excess.
Physical Activity: Lack of exercise and unnecessary rest during day time especially one hour before sunset should be avoided. They should indulge in strenuous exercise for longer duration. Aerobics or weight training is beneficial for them.
Sleep and Wakefulness: A sleep for 6-7 hours is sufficient, more than this will harm them. They should get up early in the morning and avoid sleep after sunrise.
Feelings and Emotions: Fear, shyness, depression are the emotional excesses for this temperament which should be managed accordingly.
Retention of Fluids and Evacuation of Wastes: Sweating is beneficial, it should never be suppressed and laxatives are also beneficial.
Imbalance predisposes them to phlegm congestion, water retention, oedema, slow digestion, weight gain obesity, poor venous circulation, tendency towards depression.
- MELANCHOLIC (sauda / cold and dry)
Identification: They have rectangular face or head, small beady eyes with sunken hollow cheeks, they are lean and thin, and have prominent bones, joints and veins, hairs are dark, thick and straight. They have less body and facial hairs. Their touch is dry, leathery and cool. Their appetite is variable or poor. They have difficulty in falling asleep. They are analytical, detail oriented, retentive faculty of mind is well developed; they tend to be perfectionist, are practically efficient and dependable.
Air: Dry air negatively affects them. They should avoid staying in cold and dry environmental conditions for long. They need to be protected in dry weather conditions. Seashore and coastal areas are beneficial for their health.
Food and Drink: Melancholic should avoid old, dry and stale food, excessive beans, nuts, astringent foods, peanuts, tomatoes, eggplant (brinjal), rancid fats and nuts are harmful for them even in small quantities. Tea coffee, artificially flavoured drinks should be avoided.
Physical Activity: Moderate and light exercise for short durations are best suited for such temperaments; especially walk for 15 minutes after dinner.
Sleep and Wakefulness: They should go to bed early for 6–8 hours night sleep. They are more prone to insomnia, 10–15 minutes break after lunch is beneficial.
Emotions and Feelings: Feeling of loneliness, depression and grief can have much more negative influence especially if prolonged or excessive.
Retention of Fluids and Evacuation of Wastes: They should prevent over drying by applying moisturizers on their skin. Drink at least 2-3 litres of water. Bodily wastes like urine and stool should never be suppressed.
Imbalance may cause anorexia, poor appetite, constipation, colon and gas related ailments, wasting, emaciation and dehydration, arthritis, neuromuscular disorders, and anxiety.