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Logo of bmcpsycBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Psychiatry
 
BMC Psychiatry. 2011; 11: 192.
Published online Dec 11, 2011. doi:  10.1186/1471-244X-11-192
PMCID: PMC3252283
Personality disorders and psychosocial problems in a group of participants to therapeutic processes for people with severe social disabilities
Carlos Salavera,corresponding author1 José M Tricás,2 and Orosia Lucha2
1Departament de Psychology and Sociology. Education Faculty, Zaragoza University, C/San Juan Bosco, 7. 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2Physiotherapy Research Unit, Zaragoza University, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Carlos Salavera: salavera/at/unizar.es; José M Tricás: jmtricas/at/unizar.es; Orosia Lucha: orolucha/at/unizar.es
Received January 20, 2011; Accepted December 11, 2011.
Abstract
Background
Homeless people have high dropout rates when they participate in therapeutic processes. The causes of this failure are not always known. This study investigates whether dropping-out is mediated by personality disorders or whether psychosocial problems are more important.
Method
Eighty-nine homeless people in a socio-laboral integration process were assessed. An initial interview was used, and the MCMI II questionnaire was applied to investigate the presence of psychosocial disorders (DSM-IV-TR axis IV). This was designed as an ex post-facto prospective study.
Results
Personality disorders were very frequent among the homeless people examined. Moreover, the high index of psychosocial problems (axis IV) in this population supported the proposal that axis IV disorders are influential in failure to complete therapy.
Conclusion
The outcomes of the study show that the homeless people examined presented with more psychopathological symptoms, in both axis II and axis IV, than the general population. This supports the need to take into account the comorbidity between these two types of disorder among homeless people, in treatment and in the development of specific intervention programs. In conclusion, the need for more psychosocial treatments addressing the individual problems of homeless people is supported.
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