Part of these results was presented in abstract and poster format at the American Society of Nephrology Annual Meeting in November 2009 (San Diego, CA). A special acknowledgement is extended to the AASK participants for their time and extraordinary commitment to the AASK Trial and now the AASK Cohort Study. We also acknowledge all members of the AASK Collaborative Research Group, which includes investigators and staff from 21 clinical centers. This study was supported by cooperative agreements from the National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (5U01DK045388) and the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities at the National Institutes of Health (5M01RR00071). Support was also provided by King Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer, and Astra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals. The following National Institutes of Health institutional grants provided additional support: RR-00080, RR-00071, RR-00827, RR-00032, RR-11145, RR-11104, RR-00052, RR-00095, and DK-2818. Support was also provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service (VA HSR&D Career Development Award—MJF).
Case Western Reserve University
Principal Investigator: Jackson T. Wright, Jr, MD, PhD, Mahboob Rahman, MD.
Study Coordinator: Renee Dancie, CMA, Louise Strauss, RN.
Principal Investigator: Janice Lea, MD.
Study Coordinator: Beth Wilkening, PA-C, Arlene Chapman, MD and Diane Watkins, MA.
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Joel D. Kopple, MD.
Study Coordinator: Linda Miladinovich, RN, Jooree Choi, MD, Patricia Oleskie, and Connie Secules.
Harlem Hospital Center
Principal Investigator: Velvie Pogue, MD.
Study Coordinator: Donna Dowie, MD, Jen-Tse Cheng, MD.
Principal Investigator: Otelio Randall, MD, Tamrat Retta, MD, PhD.
Study Coordinator: Shichen Xu, MD, Muluemebet Ketete, MD, Debra Ordor, RN, Carl Tilghman, RN.
Johns Hopkins University
Steering Committee Chair: Lawrence Appel, MD, MPH. Principal Investigator: Edgar Miller, MD, PhD, Brad Astor, PhD, MPH, MS.
Study Coordinator: Charalett Diggs, RN, Jeanne Charleston, RN, Charles Harris, Thomas Shields, BS.
Charles R Drew University
Principal Investigator: Keith Norris, MD, David Martins, MD.
Study Coordinator: Melba Miller, RN, Holly Howell, BA, Laurice Pitts, LVN.
Medical University of South Carolina
Principal Investigator: DeAnna Cheek, MD.
Study Coordinator: Deborah Brooks, MSN, RN.
Meharry Medical College
Principal Investigator: Marquetta Faulkner, MD, Olufemi Adeyele, MD.
Study Coordinator: Karen Phillips, RN, Ginger Sanford, RN, Cynthia Weaver, MT.
Morehouse School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: William Cleveland, MD, Kimberly Chapman, BS.
Study Coordinator: Winifred Smith, MPH, Sherald Glover.
Mount Sinai School of Medicine and University of Massachusetts
Principal Investigator: Robert Phillips, MD, PhD, Michael Lipkowitz, MD, Mohammed Rafey, MD.
Study Coordinator: Avril Gabriel, RN, MPA, Eileen Condren, Natasha Coke.
Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Lee Hebert, MD, Ganesh Shidham, MD.
Study Coordinator: Leena Hiremath, PhD, Stephanie Justice, RN.
University of Chicago, Chicago
Principal Investigator: George Bakris, MD, James Lash, MD.
Study Coordinator: Linda Fondren, RN, BSN, Louise Bagnuolo, RN, NP, Janet Cohan, RN, MSN, Anne Frydrych, RN, MSN.
University of Alabama, Birmingham
Principal Investigator: Stephen Rostand, MD, Denyse Thornley-Brown, MD.
Study Coordinator: Beverly Key, RN.
University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator: Francis B Gabbai, MD, Daniel T O’Connor, MD.
Study Coordinator: Brenda Thomas, LVN.
University of Florida
Principal Investigator: C Craig Tisher, MD, Geraldine Bichier, MD.
Study Coordinator: Cipriano Sarmiento, RN, Amado Diaz, RN, Carol Gordon.
University of Miami
Principal Investigator: Gabriel Contreras, MD, Jacques Bourgoignie, MD, Dollie Florence-Green, MD.
Study Coordinator: Jorge Junco, Jacqueline Vassallo.
University of Michigan
Principal Investigator: Kenneth Jamerson, MD, Akinlou Ojo, MD, Tonya Corbin, MD.
Study Coordinator: Denise Cornish-Zirker, RN, ADN, Tanya Graham, MA, Wendy Bloembergen, MD.
University of Southern California
Principal Investigator: Shaul Massry, MD, Miroslav Smogorzewski, MD.
Study Coordinator: Annie Richardson, LVN, Laurice Pitts, LVN.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
Principal Investigator: Robert Toto, MD, Gail Peterson, MD, FACC, Rames Saxena, M.D, PhD.
Study Coordinator: Tammy Lightfoot, RN, Sherry-Ann Blackstone, RN, Carlos Loreto.
Principal Investigator: Julie Lewis, MD, Gerald Schulman, MD.
Study Coordinator: Mo Sika, PhD, Sandy McLeroy, MS, RD.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Lawrence Y. Agodoa, MD, Josephine P, Briggs, MD, John W, Kusek, PhD;
Data Coordinating Center (Cleveland Clinic Foundation)
Jennifer Gassman, PhD, Gerald Beck, PhD, Tom Greene, PhD, Bo Hu, PhD.
Study Coordinator: Karen Brittain, Susan Sherer, BS, Laurie Tuason, MS, Cynthia Kendrick, BS, Sharon Bi, MCIS, Harvey Litowitz, MS, Xianyou Liu, MCIC, Xuelei Wang, MS, Kimberly Wiggins, AAB, Cheryl A Tatum.
Central Biochemistry Laboratory
Frederick Van Lente, PhD, Joan Waletzky, MS, Cathy O’Laughlin, MLT (ASCP), LaChauna Burton, BS.
External Advisory Committee
William McClellan, MD, MPH, Lucile Adams-Campbell, PhD, Kathy Faber-Langendoen, MD, Bryce Kiberd, MD, Elisa Lee, PhD, Timothy Meyer, MD, David Nathan, MD, John Stokes, MD, Herman Taylor, MD, FACC, Peter W Wilson, MD.
Cardiovascular Research Foundation
Tine deBacker, MD, Alexandra Lansky, MD, Steve Slack. The Data Coordinating Center is part of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, which is also the site of the Central Biochemical Laboratory and the GFR Laboratory.
The results presented in this paper have not been published previously in whole or part, except in abstract and poster form at the American Society of Nephrology Annual Meeting in San Diego, California, on 29 October 2009.