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Logo of gseBioMed CentralBiomed Central Web Sitesearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleGenetics, Selection, Evolution : GSEJournal Front Page
Genet Sel Evol. 2003; 35(Suppl 1): S137–S145.
Published online Jun 15, 2003. doi:  10.1186/1297-9686-35-S1-S137
PMCID: PMC3231755
X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (ED1) in men, mice, and cattle
Cord Drögemüller,corresponding author1 Ottmar Distl,1 and Tosso Leeb1
1Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17p, 30559 Hannover, Germany
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Cord Drögemüller: cord.droegemueller/at/
Second International Symposium on Candidate Genes for Animal Health. 16-18 August 2002, Montpelier - France
Jean-Charles Maillard, Marie-Hélène Pinard van der Laan
Accepted February 4, 2003.
Ectodermal dysplasias are a large group of rare genetic disorders characterized by impaired development of hair, teeth, and eccrine glands in humans, mice, and cattle. Here, we review the cloning, mutation analyses, and functional studies of the known causative genes for the X-chromosomal anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (ED1) in these species. Mutations in the ectodysplasin 1 (ED1) gene are responsible for X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. The ED1 gene encodes a signaling molecule of the tumor necrosis factor family that is involved in development of ectodermal appendages. The bovine disorder may serve as an animal model for human ED1.
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