The authors would like to thank the Australian Red Cross Blood Service and the New Zealand Blood Service for excellent collaboration during this study, and the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Centre for Outcome and Resources Evaluation Adult Patient Database for the APACHE III data.
Unrestricted grants were received from the Australian Red Cross Blood Service, and in-kind support from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre.
The present study is a collaboration of the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group, the Australian Red Cross Blood Service, and the New Zealand Blood Service. The Blood Observational Study Writing Committee takes responsibility for the content and integrity of the present article.
Blood Observational Study Writing Committee: V. Pettilä (Chair), A. Westbrook (Chair), A. Nichol, M.J. Bailey, E. Wood, G. Syres, L.E. Phillips, A. Street, C. French, L. Murray, N. Orford, J. Santamaria, R. Bellomo, and D.J. Cooper.
The Blood Observational Study site investigators are as follows (alphabetical order - all in Australia unless specified): Alfred Hospital, Melbourne - D.J. Cooper, A. Nichol, A. Street, S. Vallance; Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand - C. McArthur, S. McGuiness, L. Newby, C. Simmonds, R. Parke, H. Buhr; Austin Health, Melbourne - R. Bellomo, D. Goldsmith, K. O'Sullivan, I. Mercer; Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat - R. Gazzard, C. Tauschke, D. Hill; Bendigo Hospital, Bendigo - J. Fletcher, C. Boschert, G. Koch; Box Hill Hospital, Melbourne - D. Ernest, S. Eliott, B. Howe; Cabrini Private Hospital, Melbourne - F. Hawker; Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Waratah - K. Ellem, K. Duff; Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand - S. Henderson, J. Mehrtens; Concord Hospital, Concord - D. Milliss, H. Wong; Dandenong Hospital, Dandenong - S. Arora, B O'Bree, K. Shepherd; Epworth Eastern, Melbourne - B. Ihle, S. Ho; Epworth Richmond, Melbourne - B. Ihle, M. Graan; Flinders Hospital, Bedford - A. Bernsten, E. Ryan. Frankston - J. Botha, J. Vuat; The Geelong Hospital, Geelong - N. Orford, A. Kinmonth, M. Fraser; Gold Coast Hospital, Southport - B. Richards, M. Tallott, R. Whitbread; Hawke's Bay Hospital, Hastings, New Zealand - R. Freebairn, A. Anderson; Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool - M. Parr, S. Micallef; Lyell McEwin, Elisabeth Vale - K. Deshpande, J. Wood; Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand - T. Williams, J. Tai, A. Boase; Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne - S. Arora, P. Galt; Nelson Hospital, Nelson, New Zealand - B. King, R. Price, J. Tomlinson; Nepean Hospital, Penrith - L. Cole, I. Seppelt, L. Weisbrodt, R. Gresham, M. Nikas; North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand - J. Laing, J. Bell; Palmerston North Hospital, Palmerston, New Zealand - G. McHugh, D. Hancock, S. Kirkman; Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick - Y. Shehabi, M. Campbell, V. Stockdale; Queen Elisabeth Hospital, Adelaide - S. Peake, P. Williams; Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide - P. Sharley, S. O'Connor; Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin - D. Stephens, J. Thomas; Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart - R. Sistla, R. McAllister, K. Marsden; Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne - C. MacIsaac, D. Barge, T. Caf; Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney - S. Finfer, L. Tan, S. Bird; Royal Perth Hospital, Perth - S. Webb, J. Chamberlain, G. McEntaggart, A. Gould; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney - R. Totaro, D. Rajbhandari; Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands - S. Baker, B. Roberts; St Andrew's War Memorial Hospital, Brisbane - P. Lavercombe, R. Walker; St George Hospital, Sydney - J. Myburgh, V. Dhiacou; St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne - J. Santamaria, R Smith, J. Holmes; St Vincent's, Sydney - P. Nair, C. Burns; Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, New Zealand - T. Browne, J. Goodson; Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand - F. van Haren, M. La Pine; Warringal Private, Heidelberg - G. Hart, J. Broadbent; Wellington Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand - P. Hicks, D. Mackle, L. Andrews; Western Hospital, Melbourne - C. French. H. Raunow, L. Keen; and Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong - A. Davey-Quinn, F. Hill, R. Xu.