The National Institutes of Health and the NICHD provided grant support for the NRN′s Generic Database and Follow-up Studies. This research was supported by grants from the NICHD and the Department of Health and Human Services (U10 HD21364, U10 HD21385, U10 HD40689, U10 HD27871, U10 HD21373, U10 HD36790, U10 HD40498, U10 HD40461, U10 HD34216, U10 HD21397, U10 HD27904, U10 HD40492, U10 HD27856, U10 HD40521, U10 HD27853, U10 HD27880, U10 HD27851, and R03 HD054420) and from the National Institutes of Health (M01 RR30, M01 RR32, M01 RR39, M01 RR44, M01 RR70, M01 RR80, M01 RR125, M01 RR750, M01 RR633, M01 RR6022, M01 RR7122, M01 RR8084, M01 RR16587, KL2 RR24149, UL1 RR24139, UL1 RR24148, and UL1 RR24160).
Data collected at participating sites of the NICHD NRN were transmitted to RTI International, the data-coordinating center (DCC) for the network, which stored, managed, and analyzed the data for this study. On behalf of the NRN, Dr Das (DCC principal investigator) and Mr McDonald (DCC statistician) had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and accuracy of the data analysis.
The Generic Database subcommittee included Barbara J. Stoll, MD, Edward F. Bell, MD, Michele C. Walsh, MD, MS, Seetha Shankaran, MD, Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Rosemary D. Higgins, MD, Abhik Das, PhD, Nancy S. Newman, RN, and Ellen C. Hale, RN BS CCRC. The follow-up study subcommittee included Betty R. Vohr, MD, Anna M. Dusick, MD, Patricia W. Evans, MD, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, MD, MPH, Michael J. Acarregui, MD, Roy J. Heyne, MD, Kimberly Yolton, PhD, Abhik Das, PhD, and Rosemary D. Higgins, MD.
The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study (grant numbers are shown in parentheses). NRN steering committee chairs: Alan H. Jobe, MD, PhD (University of Cincinnati [2001–2006]), and Michael S. Caplan, MD (University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine [2006–present]); Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904): Abbot R. Laptook, MD, William Oh, MD, Betty R. Vohr, MD, Angelita Hensman, BSN, RNC, Theresa M. Leach, Med, CAES, Martha R. Leonard, BA, BS, James R. Moore, MD, Lucy Noel, RN, Bonnie E. Stephens, MD, Robert Burke, MD, Yvette Yatchmink, MD, Rachel V. Walden, MD, and Victoria E. Watson, MS, CAS; Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital (U10 HD21364, M01 RR80): Michele C. Walsh, MD, MS, Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD, Deanne Wilson-Costello, MD, Nancy S. Newman, RN, and Bonnie S. Siner, RN; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University Hospital, and Good Samaritan Hospital (U10 HD27853, M01 RR8084): Kurt Schibler, MD, Edward F. Donovan, MD, Jean J. Steichen, MD, Kate Bridges, MD, Barbara Alexander, RN, Cathy Grisby, RN, Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN, CCRC, Holly L. Mincey, RN, BSN, Jody Hessling, RN, and Teresa L. Gratton, PA; Duke University School of Medicine, University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (U10 HD40492, M01 RR30): Ronald N. Goldberg, MD, C. Michael Cotten, MD, MHS, Ricki F. Goldstein, MD, Kathy J. Auten, MSHS, Kimberley A. Fisher, PhD, FNP-BC, IBCLC, and Melody B. Lohmeyer, RN, MSN; Emory University, Children's Health Care of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory University Hospital Midtown (U10 HD27851, M01 RR39): Barbara J. Stoll, MD, David P. Carlton, MD, Ira Adams-Chapman, MD, and Ellen C. Hale, RN, BS, CCRC; NICHD: Linda L. Wright, MD, and Elizabeth M. McClure, Med; Indiana University, University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (U10 HD27856, M01 RR750): Brenda B. Poindexter, MD, MS, James A. Lemons, MD, Anna M. Dusick, MD, Diana D. Appel, RN, BSN, Dianne E. Herron, RN, Lucy C. Miller, RN, BSN, CCRC, and Leslie Dawn Wilson, BSN, CCRC; RTI International (U10 HD36790): W. Kenneth Poole, PhD, Betty Hastings, Elizabeth N. McClure, MEd, Jamie E. Newman, PhD, MPH, Jeanette O'Donnell Auman, BS, Carolyn M. Petrie Huitema, MS, and Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, RN, BSN; Stanford University, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (U10 HD27880, M01 RR70): Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD, Susan R. Hintz, MD, MSEpi, David K. Stevenson, MD, M. Bethany Ball, BS, CCRC, Joan M. Baran, PhD, Lori E. Bond, PhD, Ginger K. Brudos, PhD, S. Davis, MD, MS Epi, Anne M. DeBattista, RN, PNP, Barry E. Fleisher, MD, Jean G. Kohn, MD, MPH, Julie C. Lee-Ancajas, PhD, Renee P. Pyle, PhD, Dharshi Sivakumar, MD, MRCP, and Nicholas H. St John, PhD; University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children's Hospital of Alabama (U10 HD34216, M01 RR32): Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, MD, MPH, Monica V. Collins, RN, BSN MaEd, Shirley S. Cosby, RN, BSN, and Vivien A. Phillips, RN, BSN; University of California–San Diego Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women and Newborns (U10 HD40461): Neil N. Finer, MD, Yvonne E. Vaucher, MD, MPH, Maynard R. Rasmussen, MD, David Kaegi, MD, Kathy Arnell, RNC, Clarence Demetrio, RN, Martha G. Fuller, RN, MSN, Chris Henderson, RCP, CRTT, and Wade Rich, BSHS, RRT; University of Miami Holtz Children's Hospital (U10 HD21397, M01 RR16587): Charles R. Bauer, MD, Shahnaz Duara, MD, Silvia Hiriart-Fajardo, MD, Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN, BSN, Mary Allison, RN, Alexis N. Diaz, BA, Silvia Frade Eguaras, MS, Yamiley C. Gideon, BA, Arielle Riguard, MD, Alexandra Stoerger, BA, Andrea Garcia, MA, Helina Pierre, BA, and Kasey Hamlin-Smith, PhD; University of Rochester Medical Center, Golisano Children's Hospital (U10 HD40521, M01 RR44, UL1 RR24160): Dale L. Phelps, MD, Gary J. Myers, MD, Linda J. Reubens, RN, CCRC, Mary Rowan, RN, Erica Burnell, RN, Diane Hust, MS, RN, CS, Rosemary L. Jensen, Lauren Zwetsch, RN, MS, PNP, Julie Babish Johnson, MSW, Emily Kushner, MA, Joan Merzbach, LMSW, and Kelly Yost, PhD; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Parkland Health & Hospital System, and Children's Medical Center Dallas (U10 HD40689, M01 RR633): Walid A. Salhab, MD, Pablo J. Sánchez, MD, Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD, Abbot R. Laptook, MD, Roy J. Heyne, MD, Sally S. Adams, MS, RN, CPNP, Cristin Dooley, PhD, LSSP, Alicia Guzman, Gaynelle Hensley, RN, Jackie F. Hickman, RN, Linda A. Madden, RN, CPNP, Susie Madison, RN, Nancy A. Miller, RN, Janet S. Morgan, RN, Catherine Twell Boatman, MS CIMI, and Elizabeth Heyne, PsyD PA-C; University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital/Harris County Hospital District (U10 HD21373, KL2 RR24149, UL1 RR24148): Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD, MPH, Jon E. Tyson, MD, MPH, Brenda H. Morris, MD, Pamela J. Bradt, MD, MPH, Patricia W. Evans, MD, Esther G. Akpa, RN, BSN, Nora I. Alaniz, BS, Patty A. Cluff, RN, Maegan Currence, RN, Claudia I. Franco, RNC, MSN, Anna E. Lis, RN, BSN, Georgia E. McDavid, RN, Patti L. Pierce Tate, RCP, Laura L. Whiteley, MD, and Sharon L. Wright, MT (ASCP); Wake Forest University, Baptist Medical Center, Brenner Children's Hospital, and Forsyth Medical Center (U10 HD40498, M01 RR7122): T. Michael O'Shea, MD, MPH, Lisa K. Washburn, MD, Robert G. Dillard, MD, Nancy J. Peters, RN, CCRP, Barbara G. Jackson, RN, BSN, Korinne Chiu, MA, Deborah Evans Allred, MA, LPA, Donald J. Goldstein, PhD, Raquel Halfond, MA, Carroll Peterson, MA, Ellen L. Waldrep, MS, Melissa Whalen Morris, MA, and Gail Wiley Hounshell, PhD; Wayne State University, Hutzel Women's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385): Seetha Shankaran, MD, Yvette R. Johnson, MD, MPH, Athina Pappas, MD, Rebecca Bara, RN, BSN, Geraldine Muran, RN, BSN, Deborah Kennedy, RN, BSN, and Laura A. Goldston, MA; and Yale University, Yale–New Haven Children's Hospital and Bridgeport Hospital (U10 HD27871, UL1 RR24139, MO1 RR125, M01 RR6022): Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD, Patricia Gettner, RN, Harris C. Jacobs, MD, Christine Butler, MD, Patricia Cervone, RN, Monica Konstantino, RN, BSN, Elaine Romano, MSN, JoAnn Poulsen, RN, Janet Taft, RN, BSN, Joanne Williams, RN, BSN, and Sheila Greisman, RN.
We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study.