We assessed the usability of a health information exchange (HIE) in a densely populated metropolitan region. This grant-funded HIE had been deployed rapidly to address the imminent needs of the patient population and the need to draw wider participation from regional entities.
We conducted a cross-sectional survey of individuals given access to the HIE at participating organizations and examined some of the usability and usage factors related to the technology acceptance model.
We probed user perceptions using the Questionnaire for User Interaction Satisfaction, an author-generated Trust scale, and user characteristic questions (eg, age, weekly system usage time).
Overall, users viewed the system favorably (ratings for all usability items were greater than neutral (one-sample Wilcoxon test, p<0.0014, Bonferroni-corrected for 35 tests). System usage was regressed on usability, trust, and demographic and user characteristic factors. Three usability factors were positively predictive of system usage: overall reactions (p<0 0.01), learning (p<0.05), and system functionality (p<0.01). Although trust is an important component in collaborative relationships, we did not find that user trust of other participating healthcare entities was significantly predictive of usage. An analysis of respondents' comments revealed ways to improve the HIE.
We used a rapid deployment model to develop an HIE and found that perceptions of system usability were positive. We also found that system usage was predicted well by some aspects of usability. Results from this study suggest that a rapid development approach may serve as a viable model for developing usable HIEs serving communities with limited resources.
Keywords: Information dissemination, medical records system, regional health planning, usability, usage, biomedical informatics, evaluation, Qualitative/ethnographic field study, Improving the education and skills training of health professionals, System implementation and management issues, Social/organizational study, Collaborative technologies, Methods for integration of information from disparate sources, Demonstrating return on IT investment, distributed systems, agents, Software engineering: architecture, Supporting practice at a distance (telehealth), Data exchange, communication, and integration across care settings (inter- and intra-enterprise), Visualization of data and knowledge, policy, Legal, historical, ethical study methods, clinical informatics, biomedical informatics, pediatrics, e-prescribing, human factors