1. National Cancer Institute. Tobacco Control Monograph 19: The role of the media in promoting and reducing tobacco use. Bethesda (Maryland): US National Cancer Institute; 2008.
2. World Health Organization. Smoke-free movies: from evidence to action. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.
3. BMA Board of Science. Forever cool: the influence of smoking imagery on young people. London: British Medical Association; 2008.
4. Institute of Medicine. Ending the tobacco problem: a blueprint for the nation. Washington (D.C.): National Academies Press; 2007.
5. Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD. Exposure to smoking in internationally distributed American movies and youth smoking in Germany: a cross-cultural cohort study. Pediatrics. 2008;121:e108–d117. [PubMed] 6. Thrasher JF, Jackson C, Arillo-Santillan E, Sargent JD. Exposure to smoking imagery in popular films and adolescent smoking in Mexico. Am J Prev Med. 2008;35:95–102. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 7. Dalton MA, Sargent JD, Beach ML, Titus-Ernstoff L, Gibson JJ, et al. Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: a cohort study. Lancet. 2003;362:281–285. [PubMed] 8. Aroa M, Mathus N, Gupta VK, Nazar GP, Reddy KS, et al. Tobaco use in Bollywood movies, tobacco promotional activities and their association with tobacco use among Indian adolescents. Tob Control. 2011;2011 In press. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
9. WHO FCTC Conference of the Parties. Guidelines for implementation of Article 13: Guidelines on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. Geneva: WHO; 2008.
10. Fuson B. Study: G-rated fare more profitable. Jun 7, 2005. The Hollywood Reporter.
11. Anderson S, Millett C, Polansky J, Glantz S. Exposure to smoking in movies among British adolescents 2001–2006. Tob Control. 2010;19:197–200. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
12. Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada. How American movies, Canadian film subsidies and provincial rating practices will kill 43,000 Canadian teens alive today – and what Canadian governments can do about it. Ottawa, Canada: Physicans for a Smoke-Free Canada; 2010.
13. Lyons A, McNeill A, Chen Y, Britton J. Tobacco and tobacco branding in films most popular in the UK from 1989 to 2008. Thorax. 2010;65:417–422. [PubMed] 14. Titus K, Polansky JR, Glantz S. Smoking presentation trends in U.S. movies 1991–2008. San Francisco: University of California San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. 2009. Available: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/30q9j424. Accessed 14 February 2010) 15. Millett C, Glantz S. Assigning an 18 rating to movies with tobacco imagery is essential to reduce youth smoking. Thorax. 2010;65:377–378. [PubMed]
16. Polansky JR, Glantz SA. Taxpayer subsidies for US films with tobacco imagery. San Francisco: Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, UC San Francisco; 2009.
17. UK Department of Health. A smokefree future: a comprehensive tobacco control strategy for England. London: Department of Health; 2010.
19. Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory Committee. Evidence to guide action: comprehensive tobacco control in Ontario. Toronto: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2010.
20. Glantz S, Titus K, Mitchell S, Polansky J, Kaufmann R. Smoking in top-grossing movies - United States, 1991–2009. MMWR. 2010;59:1014–1017. [PubMed]
21. Glantz S, Mitchell S, Titus K, Polansky J, Kauffman R, et al. Smoking in top-grossing movies - United States, 2010. MMWR. 2011;60:909–913.
22. Polansky J, Mitchell S, Glantz S. Film-flam: how MPAA/NATO movie labels hide the biggest media risk to kids. San Francisco: University of California San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education; 2010.
23. Magor M, Schlesinger P. “For this relief much thanks”: Taxation, film policy, and the UK government. Screen. 2009;50:299–317.
24. UK Film Council. British film certification: schedule 1 to the Films Act 1985; cultural test guidance notes: version: June 2010. London: UK Film Council; 2010.
25. HM Revenue and Customs Film Production Company Manual (regarding Finance Act 2006 (FA06), rewritten to Corporation Tax Act 2009, CTA09) London: HM Revenue and Customs;
26. UK Film Council. Statistical yearbook 2008. London: UK Film Council; 2009.
28. The Guardian. 2010. Aug 12, Steven Spielberg's studio ‘concerned’ by move to axe UK Film Council.
29. ASH-UK. UK tobacco control policy and expenditure - an overview. December 2010. London: ASH-UK; 2010.
30. Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. The tobacco control environment: Ontario and beyond. Monitoring and Evaluation Series. 2010 Sep 1;16
31. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, American Heart Association, American Lung Association. A broken promise to our children: The 1998 state tobacco settlement 12 years later (Appendix A) Washington (D.C.): Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, American Heart Association, American Lung Association; 2010.
32. Song AV, Ling PM, Neilands TB, Glantz SA. Smoking in movies and increased smoking among young adults. Am J Prev Med. 2007;33:396–403. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 33. Shmueli D, Prochaska J, Glantz SA. The effect of exposure to smoking scenes in films on immediate smoking: a controlled laboratory study. Am J Prev Med. 2010;38:351–358. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 34. Wagner DD, Dal Cin S, Sargent JD, Kelley WM, Heatherton TF. Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke. J Neurosci. 2011;31:894–898. [PubMed]
35. Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Film in Australia. Barton: Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade; 2011.
36. Screen Daily. 2010. Oct 28, Incentives survive global cutbacks.
37. Christopherson S, Rightor N. The creative economy as “big business”: evaluating strategies to lure filmmakers. J Plan Educ Res. 2010;29:336–352.
39. American Lung Association. State of tobacco control: 2006. Washington (D.C.): American Lung Association; 2007.
40. American Lung Association. State of tobacco control: 2007. Washington (D.C.): American Lung Association; 2008.
41. American Lung Association. State of tobacco control: 2008. Washington (D.C.): American Lung Association; 2009.