Our experiments have shown that contact of the human body with moistened surface of the Earth via a copper conductor can influence calcium–phosphate homeostasis. The effect of earthing of the human body in a recumbent position on calcium–phosphate homeostasis is opposite to that which occurs in states of weightlessness. It shows that contact with the Earth in a recumbent position leads to effects that have been noted during rhythmic, longitudinal compression of the skeleton in immobilized patients.5
The reduction of renal excretion of calcium and phosphorus, and the lowering of serum concentrations of total calcium, ionized calcium, and phosphorus can indicate that they are stored in the skeleton. This pool of calcium ions is readily exchangeable because it is in physicochemical equilibrium with extracellular fluid. The pool consists of calcium phosphate salts and provides an immediate reserve for sudden decreases of calcium ions in blood.6
In the state of normocalcemia, the excitation–secretion processes of parathyroid glands are sensitive and immediate.5
Minimal changes of concentrations of calcium ions in the blood modulate the activity of nervous and endocrine systems.
Dynamics of changes in concentrations of ions (sodium, potassium, and chloride) could indicate an exchange of these ions with the intracellular environment. The contact of human organism with the Earth may change the conditions of intestinal absorption and excretion, renal excretion, and storage and transmission of ions through the cellular membrane.
Results of presented studies have shown that earthing from the defined surface of the Earth transmitted via a copper conductor onto the surface of an insulated human body is responsible for changes of iron and proteins in serum concentrations.
Earthing the human body during relaxation and during physical activity is responsible for the increasing glucose utilization by the cells in NIDDM. Lack of contact with the Earth may cause opposite effects and may be the reason for several disorders (diabetes, obesity, and hypertension).7
Seven (7)–hour earthing of an insulated human body causes the decrease of serum concentrations of iron, total protein, and albumins while it increases the concentration of globulins, whereas 1-hour interruption of human contact with Earth causes the increase of iron, total protein, and globulins concentrations. Increase in concentrations of γ-globulins indicates that the immune response to vaccine and toxoid can be potentiated and accelerated by grounding of the human body. It suggests that contact with the Earth can affect regulation of immune response.2,3
Earthing the human body during night-time sleep influences thyroid function: it increases concentrations of free T4
and TSH and diminishes the level of free T3
. The increase in basal metabolic rate accounts for the thermogenic effect of thyroid hormone that could be expressed in elevated utilization of free T3
. The rate of respiration of mitochondria can be controlled by the concentration of adenosine diphosphate because oxidation and phosphorylation are tightly coupled. In mitochondria, respiration (i.e., electron transport) may occur unaccompanied by oxidative phosphorylation. Free energy may be still released as the electrons are transferred down the transport chain; however, this energy is not trapped as adenosine triphosphate but appears instead as heat.8
This mechanism may occur in the grounded organism during night relaxation. Membranes compartmentalize and segregate intracellular events, separate cells from one another, and segregate organ function. Mitochondria are double-membrane organelles that convert energy to forms that can be used by the cell.9
The greatest source of H+
is the CO2
produced as one of the end products of the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids during aerobic metabolism. In aerobic organism, the ultimate acceptor of electrons derived from fuel molecules is molecular oxygen. The electrons are first transferred from the fuel molecules to a specialized electron carrier. Electrons from the carrier reach molecular oxygen via the mitochondrial electron transport system. Molecular oxygen requires four electrons for reduction to water, and four electrons can be supplied in a single step only by the terminal cytochrome C oxidase in the mitochondria.10
In converting molecular oxygen into active oxygen species, there are several possible modes by which iron can be redox active in biologic systems. Free radical reactions are initiated continuously in vivo
by both enzymatic and nonenzymatic reactions.11
Anabolic processes involved in the biosynthesis of fatty acid from acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) are confined to the cytosal fraction. The catabolic processes concerned with the oxidation of fatty acids to acetyl-CoA are contained within mitochondrial matrix.8
The stabilization of the hydrogen bonds in mitochondrial membranes and supply of electrons to terminal cytochrome C oxidase in the mitochondria may play critical role in bioenergetic processes during night relaxation. Dynamics of changes of concentrations of TSH, free T4
, and free T3
indicate that earthing of the human body can affect processes described above.