1. Roura-Pascual N, Suarez AV, Gómez C, Pons P, Touyama Y, et al. Geographical potential of Argentine ants (Linepithema humile Mayr) in the face of global climate change. Proc Royal Soc Lond B. 2004;271:2527–2535. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. Bond W, Slingsby P. Collapse of an ant-plant mutualism: the Argentine ant (Iridomyrmex humilis) and myrmecochorous Proteaceae. Ecology. 1984;65:1031–1037.
3. Human KG, Gordon DM. Effects of Argentine ants on invertebrate biodiversity in northern California. Conserv Biol. 1997;11:1242–1248.
4. Zee J, Holway DA. Nest raiding by the invasive Argentine ant on colonies of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex subnitidus. Insect Soc. 2006;53:161–167.
5. Holway DA, Lach L, Suarez AV, Tsutsui ND, Case TJ. The causes and consequences of ant invasions. Annu Rev Ecol Syst. 2002;33:181–233.
6. Ward PS. Distribution of the introduced Argentine ant (Iridomyrmex humilis) in natural habitats of the lower Sacramento Valley and its effects on the indigenous ant fauna. Hilgardia. 1987;55:1–16.
7. Suarez AV, Bolger DT, Case TJ. Effects of fragmentation and invasion on native ant communities in coastal southern California. Ecology. 1998;79:2041–2056.
8. Human KG, Gordon DM. Exploitation and interference competition between the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, and native ant species. Oecologia. 1996;105:405–412.
9. Holway DA. Competitive mechanisms underlying the displacement of native ants by the invasive Argentine ant. Ecology. 1999;80:238–251.
10. Holway DA. Effect of Argentine ant invasions on ground-dwelling arthropods in northern California riparian woodlands. Oecologia. 1998;116:252–258.
11. Wheeler WM. The ant Prenolepis imparis say. Ann Entomol Soc Am. 1930;23:1–26.
12. Holway DA, Suarez AV, Case TJ. Role of abiotic factors in governing susceptibility to invasion: a test with Argentine ants. Ecology. 2002;83:1610–1619.
13. Nygard JP, Sanders NJ, Connor EF. The effects of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) and the native ant Prenolepis imparis on the structure of insect herbivore communities on willow trees (Salix lasiolepis). Ecol Entomol. 2008;33:789–795.
14. Tillberg CV, Holway DA, LeBrun EG, Suarez AV. Trophic ecology of invasive Argentine ants in their native and introduced ranges. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2007;104:20856–20861. [PubMed]
15. Human KG, Gordon DM. Behavioral interactions of the invasive Argentine ant with native ant species. Insect Soc. 1999;46:159–163.
16. Talbot M. Population studies of the ant, Prenolepis imparis Say. Ecology. 1943;24:31–44.
17. Sanders NJ, Barton KE, Gordon DM. Long-term dynamics of the distribution of the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, and native ant taxa in northern California. Oecologia. 2001;127:123–130.
18. DiGirolamo LA, Fox LR. The influence of abiotic factors and temporal variation on local invasion patterns of the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Biol Invasions. 2006;8:125–135.
19. Anderson AN, Blum MS, Jones TH. Venom alkaloids in Monomorium "rothstein" Forel repel other ants: is this the secret to success by Monomorium in Australian ant communities? Oecologia. 1991;88:157–160.
20. Lynch JF, Balinsky EC, Vail SG. Foraging patterns in three sympatric forest ant species, Prenolepis imparis, Paratrechina melanderi and Aphaenogaster rudis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ecol Entomol. 1980;5:353–371.
21. Fellers JH. Interference and exploitation in a guild of woodland ants. Ecology. 1987;68:1466–1478.
23. Laurent P, Braekman J, Dalose D. Insect chemical defense. Top Curr Chem. 2005;240:167–229.
24. Martin SJ, Jenner EA, Drijfhout FP. Chemical deterrent enables a socially parasitic ant to invade multiple hosts. Proc Royal Soc Lond B. 2007;274:2717–2721. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
25. O'Donnell S, Hunt JH, Jeanne RL. Gaster-flagging during colony defense in neotropical swarm-founding wasps (hymenoptera: Vespidae, Epiponini). J Kansas Entomol Soc. 1997;70:175–180.
26. Burnam KP, Anderson DR. New York: Springer-Verlag.; 2002. Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. 2nd Edition.
27. Tanner CJ. Chill out: cooling promotes aggressive behavior in the ant Formica xerophila. Insect Soc. 2009;56:64–69.
28. Bergström G, Löfqvist J. Chemical congruence of the complex odoriferous secretions from Dufour's gland in three species of ants of the genus Formica. J Insect Physiol. 1973;7:877–907.
29. Howard RW, Blomquist GJ. Chemical ecology and biochemistry of insect hydrocarbons. Annu Rev Entomol. 1982;27:149–172.
30. Tanner CJ, Adler FR. To fight or not to fight: context-dependent interspecific aggression in competing ants. Anim Behav. 2009;77:297–305.
31. LaPolla JS, Mueller UG, Seid M, Cover SP. Predation by the army ant Neivamyrmex rugulosus on the fungus-growing ant Trachymyrmex arizonensis. Insect Soc. 2002;49:251–256.
32. Kabashima JN, Greenberg L, Rust MK, Paine TD. Aggressive interactions between Solenopsis invicta and Linepithema humile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) under laboratory conditions. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:148–154. [PubMed]
33. Palmer TM. Wars of attrition: colony size determines competitive outcomes in a guild of African acacia ants. Anim Behav 68, 2004;993-1004
34. Franks N, Partridge L. Lanchester battles and the evolution of combat in ants. Anim Behav. 1993;45:197–199.
35. Sakata H, Katayama N. Ant defence system: A mechanism organizing individual responses into efficient collective behavior. Ecol Res. 2001;16:395–403.
36. Tanner CJ. Numberical assessment affects aggression and competitive ability: a team-fighting strategy for the ant Formica xerophila. . Proc Royal Soc Lond B. 2006;273:2737–2742. [PMC free article] [PubMed] 37. Holway DA, Suarez AV, Case TJ. Loss of intraspecific aggression underlies the success of a widespread invasive social insect. Science. 1998;282:949–952. [PubMed]
38. Carpintero S, Reyes-López J. The role of competitive dominance in the invasive ability of the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Biol Invasions. 2008;10:25–35.
39. Roth LM, Eisner T. Chemical defenses of arthropods. Annu Rev Entomol. 1962;6:107–136.
40. Eisner T, Meinwald J, Monro A, Ghent R. Defense mechanisms of arthropods. I. The composition and function of the spray of the whipscorpion, Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas) (Arachnida, Pedipalpida). J Insect Physiol. 1961;6:272–298.
41. Abril S, Gomez C. Ascertaining key factors behind the coexistence of the native ant species Plagiolepis pygmaea with the invasive Argentine ant Linepithema humile (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology. 2009;74:559–568.
42. Sagata K, Lester PJ. Behavioral plasticity associated with propagule size, resources, and the invasion success of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile. J Appl Ecol. 2009;46:19–27.
43. Kronfeld-Schor N, Dayan T. Partitioning time as an ecological resource. Annu Rev Ecol Syst. 2003;34:153–181.