We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study. The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study:
NRN Steering Committee Chair: Alan H. Jobe, MD PhD, University of Cincinnati; Michael S. Caplan, MD, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine.
Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904) – William Oh, MD; Angelita M. Hensman, RN BSN.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Children’s Hospital Boston, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Harvard Medical School (U10 HD34167) – Ann R. Stark, MD; Kerri Fournier, RN; Stacy Dow, RN.
Case Western Reserve University Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR80, U10 HD21364) – Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD; Nancy S. Newman, BA RN.
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center University Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital (GCRC M01 RR8084, U10 HD27853) – Kurt Schibler, MD; Edward F. Donovan, MD; Kate Bridges, MD; Barbara Alexander, RN; Cathy Grisby, BSN CCRC; Holly L. Mincey, RN BSN; Jody Hessling, RN; Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN CCRC.
Duke University School of Medicine University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (GCRC M01 RR30, U10 HD40492) – Ronald N. Goldberg, MD; C. Michael Cotten, MD MHS; Kathy J. Auten, MSHS; Kimberley A. Fisher, PhD FNP-BC IBCLC; Katherine A. Foy, RN.
Emory University Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory University Hospital Midtown (GCRC M01 RR39, U10 HD27851) – David P. Carlton, MD; Lucky Jain, MD; Ira Adams-Chapman, MD; Ellen C. Hale, RN BS CCRC.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development – Linda L. Wright, MD; Stephanie Wilson Archer, MA; Elizabeth M. McClure, MEd.
Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center (GCRC M01 RR54, U10 HD53119) – Ivan D. Frantz III, MD; John M. Fiascone, MD; Brenda L. MacKinnon, RNC; Anne Furey, MPH; Ellen Nylen, RN BSN.
Indiana University Indiana University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (GCRC M01 RR750, U10 HD27856) – Brenda B. Poindexter, MD MS; James A. Lemons, MD; Diana D. Appel, RN BSN; Dianne E. Herron, RN; Lucy C. Miller, RN BSN CCRC; Leslie Dawn Wilson, BSN CCRC.
RTI International (U10 HD36790) – W. Kenneth Poole, PhD; Dennis Wallace, PhD; Jeanette O’Donnell Auman, BS; Margaret Cunningham, BS; Amanda R. Irene, BS; Betty K. Hastings; Carolyn M. Petrie Huitema, MS; James W. Pickett II, BS; Scott E. Schaefer, MS; Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, RN BSN.
Stanford University California Pacific Medical Center, Dominican Hospital, El Camino Hospital, and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR70, U10 HD27880) – Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD; David K. Stevenson, MD; Charles E. Ahlfors, MD; Marian M. Adams, MD; M. Bethany Ball, BS CCRC; Robert D. Stebbins, MD; Melinda S. Proud, RCP.
University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System and Children’s Hospital of Alabama (GCRC M01 RR32, U10 HD34216) – Waldemar A. Carlo, MD; Namasivayam Ambalavanan, MD; Monica V. Collins, RN BSN MaEd; Shirley S. Cosby, RN BSN.
University of California – San Diego Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women and Newborns (U10 HD40461) – Neil N. Finer, MD; Maynard R. Rasmussen MD; Paul R. Wozniak, MD; Kathy Arnell, RNC; Renee Bridge, RN; Clarence Demetrio, RN; Chris Henderson, RCP CRTT; Wade Rich, BSHS RRT.
University of Iowa Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR59, U10 HD53109) – John A. Widness, MD; Karen J. Johnson, RN BSN.
University of Miami Holtz Children’s Hospital (U10 HD21397) – Shahnaz Duara, MD; Charles R. Bauer, MD; Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN MSN; Amy Mur Worth, RN MS.
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (GCRC M01 RR997, U10 HD53089) – Kristi L. Watterberg, MD; Lu-Ann Papile, MD; Robin K. Ohls, MD; Conra Backstrom Lacy, RN; Julie Rohr, MSN RNC CNS.
University of Rochester Medical Center Golisano Children’s Hospital (U10 HD40521, GCRC M01 RR44, UL1 RR024160) – Dale L. Phelps, MD; Linda J. Reubens, RN CCRC; Erica Burnell, RN; Rosemary L. Jensen; Mary Rowan, RN.
University of Tennessee Health Science Center (U10 HD21415) – Sheldon B. Korones, MD; Henrietta S. Bada, MD; Tina Hudson, RN BSN.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Parkland Health & Hospital System and Children’s Medical Center Dallas (GCRC M01 RR633, U10 HD40689) – Pablo J. Sánchez, MD; Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD; Walid A. Salhab, MD; Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH; Alicia Guzman; Gaynelle Hensley, RN; Melissa H. Leps, RN; Susie Madison, RN; Nancy A. Miller, RN.
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School, Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital/Harris County Hospital District (U10 HD21373) – Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD MPH; Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH; Esther G. Akpa, RN BSN; Patty A. Cluff, RN; Beverly Foley Harris, RN BSN; Claudia I. Franco, RNC MSN; Anna E. Lis, RN BSN; Sarah Martin, RN BSN; Georgia E. McDavid, RN; Patti L. Pierce Tate, RCP; Maegan C. Simmons, RN.
University of Utah University Hospital, LDS Hospital, and Primary Children’s Medical Center (CTSA UL1 RR25764, GCRC M01 RR64, U10 HD53124) – Roger G. Faix, MD; Bradley A. Yoder, MD; Karen A. Osborne, RN BSN CCRC; Jennifer J. Jensen, RN BSN; Cynthia Spencer, RNC; Kimberlee Weaver-Lewis, RN BSN.
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Brenner Children’s Hospital, and Forsyth Medical Center (U10 HD40498, GCRC M01 RR7122) – T. Michael O’Shea, MD MPH; Nancy J. Peters, RN CCRP.
Wayne State University Hutzel Women’s Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385) – Rebecca Bara, RN BSN; Geraldine Muran, RN BSN.
Yale University Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital and Bridgeport Hospital (CTSA UL1 RR24139, GCRC MO1 RR125, GCRC M01 RR6022, U10 HD27871) – Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD; Harris Jacobs, MD; Patricia Cervone, RN; Patricia Gettner, RN; Monica Konstantino, RN BSN; JoAnn Poulsen, RN; Janet Taft, RN BSN.