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Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Oct-Dec; 1(4): 282–283.
PMCID: PMC3059455

About gold in human semen


Supporting the work of Jain et al. (1:172-174, 2010), we add the following.

  • Authors referred the first report of gold in semen of 1981, which was carried out by employing neutron activation analysis.[1]
  • Processing semen sample for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study was modified and has been in regular use.[2]
  • By employing atomic absorption spectrophotometer, we estimated gold in normal and pathological semen samples, resulting in a clue that gold is essential for normal functioning of spermatozoa.[3,4]
  • By using Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX) on electron microscope, we observed gold inside and outside human spermatozoa.[5]
  • The presence of the metal in human male system was studied with X-ray diffraction analysis method. Gold was present throughout human male genital system except in seminal vesicles.[6] Initially, by employing mass emission spectroscope, we had shown that gold reached semen from caput epididymis.[7] The gold remained in a trimetal complex with copper and zinc.[6] Direct couple plasma emission spectroscope failed to show gold in semen.[8]
  • “Suvarna bhasma” (Gold Ash) was found to be very useful in the treatment of different pathological conditions.[9]
  • Gold may be entering body through drinking water and food. Study on this line was designed. It was present in human semen of both sets of people: i) where soil had gold content and ii) where soil had no measurable amount of gold. Gold content in semen was more in the people where gold was present in soil.[10] Further, the difference in the quality of semen surrounding a gold mine and away will be published elsewhere.


1. Skandhan KP. Gold in human semen. Andrologia. 1981;13:78–81. [PubMed]
2. Skandhan KP. Copper in seminal plasma: Comparison of two processing methods for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study. Arch Androl. 1986;16:243–5. [PubMed]
3. Skandhan KP. Gold in seminal plasma of normal and pathological specimens. Israel J Med Sci. 1981;17:769–70.
4. Skandhan KP, Sumangala B, Mehta YB, Roy PB, Amith S, Avni KP. Level of gold in normal and pathological semen. Urologia. 2010;77:254–6. [PubMed]
5. Skandhan KP, Sumangala B, Amith S, Avni KP. Electron microscopic (Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis) study on human male reproductive organs and semen. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2010. [Last accessed on 2010 June 5]. Available from: http://www.springerlincom/content/y30248p4757757l4/ [PubMed]
6. Skandhan KP, Amith S, Avni KP. X ray diffraction study on human male reproductive tract and semen. Urologia. 2009;76:198–202. [PubMed]
7. Skandhan KP, Abraham KC. Presence of several elements in normal and pathological human semen sample and its origin. Andrologia. 1984;16:587–8. [PubMed]
8. Skandhan KP, Pandya CB. Direct couple plasma emission spectroscopic study on human seminal plasma. Adv Contra Dely Syst. 1986;2:256–57.
9. Skandhan KP, Singh G, Prasad SB, Thakar AB, Godatwar PR, Rao N, et al. Veracity of ‘suvarna Bhasma’ (gold ash), an indigenous Ayurvedic preparation as a therapeutic agent for male infertility. J Ayur. 2009;3:83–6.
10. Sahab Khan P, Skandhan KP, Ajesh K, Siraj MV. Gold in human semen around and away from a gold deposit area. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2010 Aug 3; http://www.nebi, [PubMed]

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