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Supporting the work of Jain et al. (1:172-174, 2010), we add the following.
Authors referred the first report of gold in semen of 1981, which was carried out by employing neutron activation analysis.
Processing semen sample for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study was modified and has been in regular use.
By employing atomic absorption spectrophotometer, we estimated gold in normal and pathological semen samples, resulting in a clue that gold is essential for normal functioning of spermatozoa.[3,4]
By using Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX) on electron microscope, we observed gold inside and outside human spermatozoa.
The presence of the metal in human male system was studied with X-ray diffraction analysis method. Gold was present throughout human male genital system except in seminal vesicles. Initially, by employing mass emission spectroscope, we had shown that gold reached semen from caput epididymis. The gold remained in a trimetal complex with copper and zinc. Direct couple plasma emission spectroscope failed to show gold in semen.
“Suvarna bhasma” (Gold Ash) was found to be very useful in the treatment of different pathological conditions.
Gold may be entering body through drinking water and food. Study on this line was designed. It was present in human semen of both sets of people: i) where soil had gold content and ii) where soil had no measurable amount of gold. Gold content in semen was more in the people where gold was present in soil. Further, the difference in the quality of semen surrounding a gold mine and away will be published elsewhere.
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2. Skandhan KP. Copper in seminal plasma: Comparison of two processing methods for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study. Arch Androl. 1986;16:243–5.[PubMed]
3. Skandhan KP. Gold in seminal plasma of normal and pathological specimens. Israel J Med Sci. 1981;17:769–70.
4. Skandhan KP, Sumangala B, Mehta YB, Roy PB, Amith S, Avni KP. Level of gold in normal and pathological semen. Urologia. 2010;77:254–6.[PubMed]
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9. Skandhan KP, Singh G, Prasad SB, Thakar AB, Godatwar PR, Rao N, et al. Veracity of ‘suvarna Bhasma’ (gold ash), an indigenous Ayurvedic preparation as a therapeutic agent for male infertility. J Ayur. 2009;3:83–6.